SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.78 número1Percepción materna del estado nutricional de sus hijos: ¿Es un factor de riesgo para presentar malnutrición por exceso?Costos de atención en pacientes con mielomeningocele en los Institutos de Rehabilitación Infantil Teletón índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

VICUNA C, PAMELA; LOZA P, CAROLINA; MUNOZ P, PAULA  y  SANCHEZ D, IGNACIO. Clinical characteristics of asthmatic children hospitalized in a pediatric unit. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2007, vol.78, n.1, pp. 29-34. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062007000100004.

Background: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease with arising prevalence. There are few studies in Chile that describe clinical characteristics of pediatric hospitalized patients. Objective: To describe clinical characteristics of patients hospitalized due to asthma attacks. Method: Descriptive-retrospective study in asthmatic children between 6 and 15 years-old, hospitalized in the Pediatric Service at the Clinical Hospital of Pontificia Universidad Católica of Chile between 1998 and 2004. Results: From a total of 317 asthmatic clinical charts, we reviewed 188 (61%), from which 113 met inclusion criteria. Sixty eight patients were male (61%), 75 cases (66%) presented acute exacerbations before 3 years-old, the most frequent trigger was respiratory virus infections in 53 cases (47%), 93% (105 patients) required FiO2 < 50% and atopy was present in 60 patients (53%). Conclusion: The majority of hospitalized patients presented mild or moderate crisis and did not need management on intensive critical units. Atopy was a frequent finding. It is important to develop a prospective study that evaluates type and adherence to asthma treatment, in order to achieve clinical influence in asthma evolution

Palabras llave : asthma; children; hospital admission; atopy.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español