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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

BARRIA P, Mauricio  y  SANTANDER M, Gema. Peripherically-inserted Central Venous Catheter in Newborn Intensive Care Unit. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2006, vol.77, n.2, pp. 139-146. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062006000200003.

Objective: To evaluate the use of peripherically-inserted central venous catheter (PICC) in newborns of intensive care units. Patients and Methods: 46 catheters inserted in 40 neonates were evaluated prospectively analyzing 4 variables: number of venipuncture attempts, time of installation, reasons for removal and complications. Results: 49% were settled in the first attempt and 69,5% in antecubital veins, locating 63% in superior vena cava. The mean venipuncture attempts was 2,1, being significantly lower in low birth weight neonates (< 1 500 g = 1,7 ± 1,1; > 1 500 g = 2,5 ± 1,5; p = 0,045). The average time of installation was 20 minutes for very low birth weight newborns and 25 for the greater ones. The duration period was similar. 50% were retired by the end of intravenous therapy, 19,6% due to occlusion and 8,7% because of phlebitis. Conclusions: PICC constitute a first line alternative for very low birth weight newborns where installation is easier, being a safe and effective intervention

Palabras llave : central venous catheter; newborn; infant.

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