Revista chilena de pediatría
versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106
MORAGA M., Francisco y CONTRERAS R., María de los Ángeles. Children and internet: the paedriatric vision of the new "digital generation". Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2005, vol.76, n.2, pp. 159-165. ISSN 0370-4106. doi: 10.4067/S0370-41062005000200006.
A new "children´s digital media culture" is swiftly moving into place on the Internet. Computer technology has ushered in a new era of mass media, bringing with it great promise and great concerns about the effect on children´s development and well being. With the development of each new wave of media technology (films in the 1900s, radio in the 1920s and television in the 1940s), proponents touted the educational benefits for children, while opponents voiced fears about exposure to inappropriate commercial, sexual, and violent content. The possibility that a child´s exploration on the Internet might lead to inappropriate content, aggressive advertising or even dangerous contact with strangers has given rise to a number of efforts to create "safe zones" and laws to protect them in on-line experience. An approach to protecting childrens privacy would seek to support parents; further analysis of existing measures, including privacy enhancing techniques, laws and self-regulatory mechanisms is needed to understand how well these measures achieve the goal of protecting children with that of ensuring freedom of expression. The purpuse of this revision is to deliver to the paediatrician, in its inescapable educational role, elements that permit the orientation of the family, to obtain that the children develop a responsible attitude set against the utilization of the computer and of Internet, that permit the child to take the advantages that offer this technology while at the same time that protect against the damages that Internet can expose them to
Palabras clave : internet; children; media; parents; computer.