Revista chilena de pediatría
Print version ISSN 0370-4106
SALVO F., Hugo et al. Follow-up of term infants with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2002, vol.73, n.4, pp. 357-362. ISSN 0370-4106. doi: 10.4067/S0370-41062002000400004.
HIE continues to be a frequent neonatal pathology, however there does not exist at a national level publications about the neurological sequelae of HIE. Objectives: to determine the type and incidence of these sequelae. Materials and method: using a prospective protocol 100 term infants with HIE were followed up with a psychomotor and neurological evaluation. Results: 43 newborns were classified as mild HIE, 29 were followed up for 2 years all were free from handicap. 52 were classified as moderate HIE, 45 completed 2 years of follow-up, 40 for 3 years, 33% had sequelae. 5 had severe HIE, 4 died and the other is severely handicapped. Conclusions: infants with mild HIE did not have sequelae, 33% of those with moderate HIE had sequelae and the cases with severe HIE were few and had a high mortality
Keywords : asphyxia; encephalopathy; newborns; neurological sequelae.