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Revista chilena de pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106

Resumen

BENITEZ-LEITE, S; MACHI, ML; GIBERT, E  y  RIVAROLA, K. Knowledge, attitudes and practices about dengue in a district of Asunción. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2002, vol.73, n.1, pp. 64-72. ISSN 0370-4106.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062002000100013.

The second epidemic of dengue (classic form) began in Paraguay in february 1999. An Interinstitutional Emergency Plan was set up by 2 Government decree in march 2000. Goal: To assess the knowledge attitudes and practices lo control dengue among the inhabitants of the San Pablo neighbourhood in Asuncion. Material and method: Descriptive study on adult residents of the San Pablo neighbourhood, through a poll during march and april 2000. The sampling was made in one step by conglomerates. Blocks were selected randomly for n= 187 homes, with an expected prevalence of 50% and a confidence level of 95%. Results: Prevalence of the disease was 41.2%. Physicians in 62% of the cases made diagnosis, while 33.8% were empirically diagnosed. 96.8% were aware of the current epidemic of dengue and that mosquitoes could transmit epidemic of dengue and that mosquitoes could transmit diseases. 89% were not community organized to fight against dengue. 61.8% observed the hygienic preventive measures, while 36.2% didn’t. On the knowledge about how to eradicate mosquitoes lay their eggs, 70.1% answered «wherever there are clean and still waters» and 18.7% «in dumping places». 24.6% knew that mosquitoes could transmit three diseases, 85.1% included dengue in their answers, while 14.4% didn’t know any disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Conclusions: 1) The surveyed population has adequate knowledge on dengue and mosquito control. 2) Communal activities and participation are scarce. 3) Adequate knowledge (information) doesn’t mean necessarily preventive practices implementation

Palabras clave : dengue; knowledge; attitudes and practices.

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