Revista chilena de pediatría
versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106
ORTA, Nelson et al. Haematuria in children. Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2001, vol.72, n.2, pp. 92-99. ISSN 0370-4106. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062001000200003.
Haematuria is a commonly encountered manifestation in paedriatric clinical practice. The aim of this study was to analize the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of a series of patients with haematuria who attended our institution between June 1988 and May 1999. A total of 362 patients were evaluated with a mean age of 7.7 + 6.1 years, range 0 - 17 years, 56% were males. This corresponded to 1.1% and 8.4% of the total paedriatric and total paedriatric nephrology populations who attended the Institute during the same period. The aetiology of hematuria for the whole group was, idiopathic hypercalciuria and other metabolic disturbances 23.5%, acute nephritic syndrome 19.3%, documented urinary tract infeccion 19%, urolithiasis 16%, congenital malformations of the urinary tract 8.3%, "primary haematuria" 4.4%, nephrotic syndrome 2.8%, neonatal hypoxia1 1.6%, trauma 1.4%, IgA nephropathy 1.4%. The distribution for age showed that the 2-6 years group were most affected, followed by the group 6-12 years. The aetiology, probable cause and frequencies of the various pathologies in each group were analized. The present series basically descriptive demonstrates the characteristics of haematuria in Venezuela and opens the possibility for comparisons with series from other countries
Palabras clave : haematuria; hypercalciuria; urolithiasis; acute nephritis.