Revista chilena de pediatría
versión impresa ISSN 0370-4106
SUSIN, Lulie R.O. et al. A simple strategy increases mothersknowledge of breastfeeding and improves the breastfeeding rates (Brasil). Rev. chil. pediatr. [online]. 2000, vol.71, n.5, pp.461-470. ISSN 0370-4106. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0370-41062000000500017.
Objective: To assess mothers knowledge of breastfeeding before and after guidance supplied during the postpartum period and its relationship to the prevalence of breastfeeding. Methods: A clinical trial was performed with 405 mothers of normal children born at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre from July to December 1994. The intervention consisted of guidance given by means of a video film discussing basic topics on breastfeeding, an explanatory leaflet and open discussion after the video. The first 208 mothers constituted the Control Group and the remaining 197 the Experimental Group. All mothers answered a question form for identification purposes and a test on previous knowledge regarding breastfeeding in the maternity ward. The mothers in both groups were followed by means of home visits at the end of the first, second, fourth and sixth months, or until they stopped breastfeeding. At the end of the first month the mothers were submitted to the same test given right after delivery. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between the mothers knowledge of breastfeeding and the prevalence of breastfeeding. Results: The mothers who received the intervention (Experimental Group) had a significantly higher score in the tests on knowledge of breastfeeding at the end of the first month as compared with the mothers in the Control Group (17.0 versus 14.7). The intervention increased by 1.7 mothers chances of achieving a score above the average. The mothers whose scores were above the average had a 8.2 higher chance of being breastfeeding exclusively at the end of the third month and twice as high of still being breastfeeding at the end of the sixth month. Conclusion: Simple strategies to increase mothers knowledge regarding breastfeeding can have a positive impact on breastfeeding rates
Palabras clave : breastfeeding; lactation; human milk.