Boletín chileno de parasitología
Print version ISSN 0365-9402
MERCADO, Rubén; JERCIC, María Isabel and UETA, Marlene T. Strongyloides stercoralis infections in Chile. Bol. chil. parasitol. [online]. 2001, vol.56, n.3-4, pp. 72-75. ISSN 0365-9402. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0365-94022001000200007.
A limited epidemiological information on Strongyloides stercoralis infection excists in Chile. In 1983 a mentally retarded 53-year-old man died by disseminated strongyloidiosis associated with malabsortion syndrome, this case constitutes the first histopathological confirmation of the parasitose in Chile. Later on, cases have been described in hospitalized patients in mental institutions from the central part of the country, where the frequency of infection registered in studies carried out in the Psyquiatric Hospital of Putaendo in 1985 and 1987-1989 were 11.6% and 7.0%. In 1992 an outbreak of strongyloidiasis that affected 13 out of 55 children in a nutritional recuperation center in the north extreme of Chile was reported. In 2000 four cases were detected in a group of 20 hospitalized mental affected patients with elevated eosinophilia. Sensitive methods for detecting larvae in stool samples and seroepidemiological surveys would permit determine the importance of this human heminthic infection in Chile.
Keywords : enteroparasitoses.