Archivos de medicina veterinaria
versión ISSN 0301-732X
JARAMILLO, R; GOICOECHEA, O; GARRIDO, O y MOLINARI, E. Salmo salar: ultrastructural morphology of chorion, from normal and with hatching problems ova. Arch. med. vet. [online]. 2009, vol.41, n.1, pp. 67-71. ISSN 0301-732X. doi: 10.4067/S0301-732X2009000100009.
Either eyed alevins unable to digest the chorion or those digesting it partially, are both suffering the hard chorion phenomenon; in both cases alevins can not survive producing high mortality rates. During recent years, the salmon farming industry in Southern Chile has been facing massive mortality events caused by hard chorion. Since hard chorion is a recently observed phenomenon there are no literature reporting its origin. The aim of this study was to find differences in the ultrastructure of chorion fibers from Salmo salar ova at different stages of development by using Scanning Electron Microscopy and image analysis technique. Early results here reported indicated no differences in thickness of chorion fibers for Salmo salar ova at different stages of development, however differences in spatial arrangement of fibers forming the inner layer of chorion seem to explain the hard chorion occurrence. No pores were observed in the inner layer of chorion of ova exhibiting hard chorion as opposed to normally developed ova which have pores and allow hatching of alevins. Since choriogenin is a protein formed by a number of sub-units, it is possible that failure in synthesis of one of these sub-units might be responsable for an anomalous arrangement of fibers of chorion causing the hard chorion phenomenon.
Palabras clave : Salmo salar; reproduction; ultrastructure; chorion.