Archivos de medicina veterinaria
versión impresa ISSN 0301-732X
POKNIAK, J. et al. Effects of pelletization or extrusion of the fattening diet on production performance of pan size rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Arch. med. vet. [online]. 1999, vol.31, n.1, pp.141-150. ISSN 0301-732X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0301-732X1999000100017.
The effect of pelletization or extrusion of a fattening diet fed to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) from 60 ± 5 g up to 270 ± 10 g live weight on productive performance, carcass yield, hepatosomatic index, chemical composition of edible part (fillet ) and economic advantage of both diets was studied. The productive performance was evaluated by the live weight, feed consumption (FC), feed efficiency (FE), specific growth rate and total mortality. The fish fed the extruded diet presented lower FC and a better FE than those fed the pelleted diet (p<0.05), the others parameters were rather similar between the treatments assayed. The carcass yield, hepatosomatic index and chemical composition were not affected (p0.05) by feeding extruded or pelleted diet. The extruded diet presented a lower cost for each kg of live weight or net kg (live weight corrected by carcass yield ) of rainbow trout produced when the FE and the cost of diet were included, with no consideration of the cost of the processes . Feeding an extruded diet to pan size rainbow trout could have some productive advantages expressed by a better FE and a relative lesser cost per total or net kg of trout gained compare to a pelleted diet. Finally as the feed consumption of extruded diet was lower than the pelleted one a lesser amount of residues can be expected with a lower negative environmental impact as well
Palabras clave : Rainbow trout; fattening diet; extrusion; pelletization.