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EURE (Santiago)

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HERNANDEZ, Diego. Activos y estructuras de oportunidades de movilidad: Una propuesta analítica para el estudio de la accesibilidad por transporte público, el bienestar y la equidad. EURE (Santiago) [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.115, pp.117-135. ISSN 0250-7161.

One of the major current challenges for mobility and transport studies in Latin America is the adoption of a multidimensional approach that goes beyond the narrower notion of trip and that does not neglect a broader discussion about mobility's effect on po verty and social exclusion. This article seeks to tackle this challenge and posits an analyticalframework that takes into account the theoretical and empirical regional background on these phenomena. After reviewing existing literature and affiliating to some necessary assumptions, it proposes the assets and opportunities structures approach as a useful device to study accessibility. This concept is defined as the level of adjustment between the structures of opportunity for mobility and household's resource and assets to take advantagefrom them. I argue that thisframework is adequate in order to maximize understanding of mobility's effect on welfare and the role of public transport.

Keywords : Mobility; urban transportation; human development; vulnerability.

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