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Estudios filológicos

versión impresa ISSN 0071-1713

Resumen

URRUTIA MARTINEZ, Mabel Alejandra  y  DE VEGA RODRIGUEZ, Manuel. Approximation to the semantics of counterfactuals. Estud. filol. [online]. 2012, n.49, pp. 157-173. ISSN 0071-1713.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0071-17132012000100010.

The current study explores some fundamental aspects of counterfactuals, such us their functions in causal reasoning, scientific argument, and modulation and amplification of emotions. This study also describes the various types of counterfactuals, and the individual differences in their production and comprehension. Subsequently, the main theories and researches related to the dual meaning of counterfactuals were carried out, for example, mental models, propositional reasoning theories, or suppositional theory. Finally, special attention was given to the few investigations that have been made in the feld of psycholinguistics, concerned with the comprehension of counterfactuals.

Palabras llave : counterfactuals; language comprehension; mental models; propositional theories; theory of mind.

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