Teología y vida
versión ISSN 0049-3449
SILVA, Sergio. Exégesis y teología: Una perspectiva desde la teología fundamental. Teol. vida [online]. 2012, vol.53, n.1-2, pp. 47-64. ISSN 0049-3449. doi: 10.4067/S0049-34492012000100003.
The article presents the relationship between exegesis and systematic theology from a fundamental perspective. The first section discusses the fundamentals of the relationship based on two theses. The first pertains to fundamental theology: Christian faith is "apostolic", meaning it depends on the apostolic community, whose faith is normative for the post-apostolic Church. This faith was "objectified" in the Scripture bequeathed by such community to the post-apostolic church. The second thesis pertains to hermeneutics, inspired by the philosophy of Gadamer and Ricoeur. It emphasizes both the distinction and mutual reference between the processes of scientific explanation and of hermeneutic understanding when their object is a text. Then, a theological evaluation of the historical-critical approach to the Scripture is presented, which has been the dominant scientific explanation in exegesis and therefore has decisively influenced systematic theology. The second section presents Guardini's biblical hermeneutics as an attractive example of a theological approach to the Scripture. The conclusion draws the consequences of the travelled path.
Palabras clave : Norm of faith; Scripture; scientific explanation; hermeneutic understanding; Romano Guardini; pluralism of methods.