Teología y vida
versión impresa ISSN 0049-3449
EDWARDS, Aníbal. Mariología, espíritu misionero y sentir con la Iglesia: Caras permanentes del legado de Erich Przywara S.J. (1889-1972). Teol. vida [online]. 2010, vol.51, n.3, pp. 365-385. ISSN 0049-3449. doi: 10.4067/S0049-34492010000200004.
This paper seeks to complement what is exposed by the author in The Erich Przywara Enigma (Gregorianum, Rome 2009, 723-783), in reference to three fundamental aspects in Przywara. Since the German doctoral theses concerning Przywara approved in the second half of the twentieth century do not address the coherent internal unity of his metaphysical approach, I briefly allude to the open unity of his «analogia entis» regarding the «analogia fidei» as inseparable from the revealed fact. Mariology is a recurrent subject, even in his ecumenical dialogues with K. Barth in Münster 1928, according to Przywara: «If an "analogia entis" (and in it, the Mariology as Barth believed), is to be a "fundamental catholic principle" then not as a "principle", but rather as a " coherent structure of something purely and freely factual»; i.e. as the structure of an original religious fact, as I explained in the mentioned paper. In his Religious Writings, Przywara quotes Saint Irenaeus abundantly before A.Orbe retook his theological coherence. In his last period, Przywara emphasizes the centrality of marriage in the redemption in Christ, as he previously emphasized the anthropological centrality of sex metaphysics, with the Virgin Mary, Mother of this Church. Thinking with the church -manifested in all his work-, is evident in his deep insight of the First Vatican Council, and of the work of Josef Kleutgen S.J., who was commissioned to draft the Constit. Dei Filius. Repercussions of this then occurred in Catholic Neo-Scholastics in France, England, and Germany. It is also exemplified in the insistence of the Papacy, from Leo XIII to Pius XI, on the profound study of Thomas of Aquinas. The missionary spirit underlines the Supposition which Saint Ignatius makes of who delivers the Spiritual Exercises. Przywara started the ecumenical dialogue in Germany. His respect for confessional otherness throughout his work as "a free writer", obtained his epochal triumph in the Second Vatican Council. His work Ansatz der Philosophie (1926), centered on the starting point of thinking, exemplifies his art of reviewing works which address the issue of thinking from diverse perspectives, and when highlighting their respective truth, he confronts them to the original religious fact (in which Kleugten's thesis converges with Max Scheler in his Catholic period).
Palabras clave : Erich Przywara; analogia entis; mariology.