Revista médica de Chile
versión ISSN 0034-9887
VILLARROEL R, Pablo; PARRA L, Ximena y ARDILES A, Leopoldo. Frequency of chronic kidney disease among ambulatory patients with type 2 diabetes. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2012, vol.140, n.3, pp. 287-294. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872012000300002.
Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the main cause of chronic kidney disease in developed countries. Aim: To study the prevalence of chronic kidney disease among adults with diabetes mellitus attended at a public primary health care clinic in southern Chile. Material and Methods: One hundred patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged more than 15 years participated in this cross sectional study. Chronic kidney disease was defined as the presence of a urine albumin/creatinine ratio over 30 mg/g or an estimated glomerular filtration rate of less than 60 mL/min/1,73 m2, detected in at least two opportunities, separated at least by three months. Results: Thirty four percent of participants had chronic kidney disease (17% stage 1 or 2 and 17% stage 3). Thirty percent of participants had an abnormal urinary albumin/creatinine ratio. Halfof the patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate below 60 mL/min/1,73 m2, had a normal urinary albumin/creatinine ratio. Conclusions: The rates of chronic kidney disease in this group of diabetic patients are very similar to those reported elsewhere.
Palabras clave : Diabetes mellitus; Kidney diseases; Renal insufficiency.