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Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

SEPULVEDA C, M. Jacqueline; ROA S, Jorge  y  MUNOZ R, Marcos. Prevalence of the drug consumption among Chilean university students. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2011, vol.139, n.7, pp. 856-863. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872011000700005.

Background: Drug abuse is one of the main public health problems and mostly involves young people. Aim: To determine the prevalence of drug consumption among university students and its associated social factors. Material ana Methods: A questionnaire exploring consumption of drugs and social-demographic, economic and religious variables, was applied to 1577 third year students aged 22 ±2 years (54% females) of a public university. Results: Sixty eight percent of the students were of middle socioeconomic class, 71 % belonged to some religion and 29% declared themselves as agnostic. Ninety six percent drank alcohol at least once and 29% never smoked. Among illicit drugs, marijuana was consumed by 22% followed by cocaine in 5.3%o, hallucinogenic drugs in 2.6 %>, inhalants in 2.3%> and cocaine free base in 1.4%). Six percent consumed stimulants and 13.8%>, sedatives. A higher economic income facilitated drug consumption and the adscription to a religion was protective against it. Conclusions: Alcohol is the most commonly consumed drug, and is the substance that generates more problems to students.

Palabras llave : Alcohol-related disorders; Education, students; Substance-related disorders.

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