Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
WINTER, JOSÉ LUIS et al. Myocardial lipids and creatine measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy among patients with heart failure. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.12, pp. 1475-1479. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872010001300001.
Background: Heart failure (HF) is characterized, among other features, by the development of alterations in myocardial energy metabolism, involving a decrease in glucose utilization and increased free fatty acid uptake by cardiomyocytes, associated with decreased deposits of high-energy phosphates (creatine phosphate/ creatine transporter). Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allows a direct and noninvasive assessment of myocardial metabolites. Aim: To measure myocardial creatine and lipids by MR spectroscopy among patients with HF. Material and Methods: Cardiac MR spectroscopy (1.5 Tesla) with Hydrogen antenna and single voxel acquisition was performed in fve patients with non-ischemic heart failure, aged 58 ± 9.7 years, (60% males) and 5 healthy volunteers matched for age and sex. We analyzed the signals of creatine (Cr), lipids (L) and water (W) in the interventricular septum, establishing the water/lipid (W/L) and water/creatine (W/Cr) index to normalize the values obtained. Results: Among patients, left ventricular ejection fraction was 32 ± 6.9%, 60% were in functional capacity II, 60% had hypertension and one was diabetic. Spectroscopic curves showed a depletion of total Cr, evidenced by the W/ Cr index, among patients with heart failure, when compared with healthy controls (1.46 ± 1.21 and 5.96 ± 2.25 respectively, p < 0,05). Differences in myocardial lipid content, measured as the W/L index, were not significant (5.06 ± 2.66 and 1.80 ± 1.62 respectively, p = 0.08). Conclusions: Among patients with heart failure of non-ischemic etiology, there is a depletion of creatine levels measured by MR spectroscopy.
Palabras clave : Creatine; Heart failure; Magnetic resonance spectroscopy.