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Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
LOZANO, MARÍA CARMEN et al. Tuberculous spondylodiscitis. Report of six patients. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2010, vol.138, n.10, pp.1272-1275. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872010001100010.
Background: Tuberculous spondylodiscitis is relatively uncommon but represents the most common location of osseous tuberculosis. Aim: To describe clinical features, imaging studies and laboratory tests to establish the diagnosis in a group of patients living in Cádiz (Spain). Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients with tuberculous spondylodiscitis diagnosed between 2000 and 2009. The diagnosis was based on microorganism recovery from vertebral samples obtained by imaging guided biopsies. Results: Six patients with positive Mycobac-terium tuberculosis cultures from vertebral samples, were identified (10% of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis). In only 2 patients the Ziehl-Nielsen stain was positive, and histology was compatible in 4 cases. Four patients were females, their mean age was 54.3 years and the mean duration of symptoms was 7.3 months. Three patients had lumbar location and a positive Mantoux test. A soft tissue abscess was present in 4 cases. None of these patients had neurological complications. The treatment with four tuberculostatic agents (isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol) was effective in 5 patients. Conclusions: Tuberculous spondylodiscitis may become a serious disease due to diagnostic and treatment delays. The main examinations to establish diagnosis are magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy with microbiological culture. Generally, antituberculous therapy is effective in this clinical situation.
Palabras clave : Discitis; Spondylitis; Tuberculosis; osteoarticular.