Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
MIRA, José Joaquín et al. Hospital clinical safety from the patient's point of view: Validation of a safety perception questionnaire. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2009, vol.137, n.11, pp.1441-1448. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872009001100005.
Background: Approximately 10% of hospitalized patients suffer an adverse event during their hospital stay. An important proportion of subjects also feel that they have a high risk of suffering such an event during an eventual hospitalization. Aim: To determine the perception on clinical safety among patients discharged from a hospital. Material and methods: A questionnaire about hospital safety was mailed to 1300 patients discharged from a hospital. The questionnaire was analyzed using construct validity predictive validity and Cronbach Alpha for internal consistency Results: The questionnaire was answered by 384 patients, yielding a response rate of 29%. Of these, 77 incomplete answers were discarded. Thirty-one subjects (10%) reported a possible adverse event. In 19 cases (5.8%), it was due to medication errors and in 19 (6.1%), to surgical procedures. In seven cases (2.3%), both errors coincided (2.3%). According to the predictive validity of the questionnaire, if a patient reports an adverse event, the confidence in the hospital and in the professionals is reduced (p <0.001), communication with the physician is considered inappropriate (p =0.0001) and risk perception increases (p =0.003). Unsatisfied patients are those that believe that they have higher risks of suffering a medical error (p =0.005). Conclusions: Risk perception for adverse events increases after having suffered such an event. Patient satisfaction minimizes the effects of adverse events on their confidence and attitude.
Palabras clave : Management, medical practice; Medication therapy management; Personal satisfaction; Safety.