Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
GONZALEZ F, Fernando et al. Economic impact of Losartan use in type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2009, vol.137, n.5, pp. 634-640. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872009000500006.
Background: The study RENAAL (Reduction of Endpoints in NIDDM with the Angiotensin II Antagonist Losartan) demonstrated that Losartan was more effective lo reduce the progression of kidney disease in diabetic patients with proteinuria and a reduction in glomerular filtration rate. Aim: To perform a cost benefit analysis of Losartan use from provider and payer points of view. Material and methods: Published data of the RENAAL study was analyzed. The costs of the use or not use of Losartan in patients with diabetic nephropathy were compared in terms of total costs of the disease including medications, hospital admissions for myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accidents and congestive cardiac failure and the costs of chronic hemodialysis. Results: The reduction in antihypertensive medication use, hospital admissions, and the delay in dialysis requirement from a mean of 65 to 79 months induced by Losartan use, results in net savings of $7,576,135 per patient, at 3.5 years of intervention. The figure does not change using different sensitivity scenarios. Conclusions: The eventual use of Losartan in type 2 diabetic patients results in important savings.
Palabras clave : Diabetic nephopathy; Diabetes mellitus, Type 2; Losartan.