Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
PANUNCIO, Ana et al. C1q nephropathy: Report ofone case. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.136, n.10, pp. 1307-1310. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872008001000011.
Clq nephropathy (Clq N) is an infrequent disease and only about 100 cases have been reponed. It is defined by a pattern of immunofluorescense (IF) with dominant or co-dominant complement Clq with electrondense deposits in the mesangium, without clinical or serological features of Lupus Nephritis. The most common histopathological findings of ClqN are focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and Minimal Change Disease. We repon a 17 year-old male patient with an isolated selective proteinuría found in a routine study. He had normal renal function and uriñe culture was negative. Serum lipids, liver enzymes an complement were all normal. Serum antinuclear and anti-DNA antibodies, antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), HIV, Hepatitis B and C serology, were negative. Renal and abdominal ultrasonography was normal. The histopathological study revealed segmental glomerular sderosis, modérate increase of mesangial matrix, Bowmann capsule adhesions and fucsinophil deposits in mesangium. The IF was positive (dominant) for Clq (+++) and IgA, IgG, IgM, C3++, all of them with a granular mesangial distribution. Ultrastructural findings were pedicelar effacement and paramesangial electrondense deposits. Tubular reticular inclusions (TRI) were not found. Remission of proteinuría was reached after 18 months of treatment with enalapril and losartan. The patient remains with normal renal function. Clinical findings, negative serology for Lupus, light microscopy IFwith dominant positivity for Clq, absence of TRI and paramesangial electrondense deposits in electron microscopy lead us to the diagnosis of ClqN. A poor response to steroid therapy was described in ClqN. Thus it was worthwhile to differentiate it from lupus nephritis, that is responsive to steroids.
Palabras clave : Complement Clq; Kidney diseases; Proteinuria.