Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
GABRIELLI, Luigi A et al. Predictors of acute coronary syndrome without ST segment elevation and risk stratification in the chest pain unit. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2008, vol.136, n.4, pp. 442-450. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872008000400004.
Background: Nearly 10% of patients with an actual acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are discharged with an inadequate diagnosis. Aim To select clinical and laboratory predictors to identify patients with a high likelihood of ACS in the Chest Pain Unit. Material and methods: Prospective evaluation of patients consulting in a Chest Pain Unit of a University Hospital. Initial assessment was standardized and included evaluation of pain characteristics, electrocardiogram and Troponin I. Independent predictors of ACS were identified with a multiple logistic regression. Results: In a four years period, 1,168 patients aged 62±23 years (69% males), were studied. After initial evaluation, 62% of the patients were admitted to the hospital for further testing and in 71% of them, a definite diagnosis of ACS was made. No events were reported by patients directly discharged from the Chest Pain Unit. Independent predictors associated with a higher likelihood of ACS were an abnormal electrocardiogram at the initial evaluation (Odds ratio (OR) 5.37, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 3.61-7.99), two or more cardiovascular risk factors (OR 2.16, 95% CI 1.21-2.84), cervical irradiation of the pain (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.25-2.69), age over 65years (OR 1.73, 95% CI (1.32-2.27) and a Troponin I above the upper normal limit (OR: 5.68, 95% CI 3.72-8.29). Conclusions: Simple clinical findings allow an appropriate identification of patients with a high likelihood of ACS without specialized methods for myocardial ischemia detection
Palabras clave : Acute coronary syndrome; Risk factors; Troponin T-1.