SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.135 número12Síntomas óticos referidos en desórdenes temporomandibulares. Relación con músculos masticatorios índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Revista médica de Chile

versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887

Resumen

VICENTE P, Benjamín; KOHN, Robert; SALDIVIA B, Sandra  y  RIOSECO S, Pedro. Burden of phychiatric diseases in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2007, vol.135, n.12, pp. 1591-1599. ISSN 0034-9887.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872007001200014.

Chile has one of the highest disease burdens caused by neuropsychiatric illnesses in the world, according to WHO, reaching to 31%- Major depression and alcohol use disorders are ranked first and second in attributed disability among adults. Nearly one-third of the population has had a psychiatric disorder in their lifetime, and 22.2% in the past year. Anxierty disorders are the most prevalent conditions, followed by major depression and alcohol abuse. Currently, mental health accounts for 2.3%) of the health care budget, which is less than some neighboring countries. The availability of 1.3 psychiatric beds per 10,000 inhabitants, is less than the mean of lower-income countries. Moreover, 81% are for chronic rather than acute care. Chile has 4.0 psychiatrist per 100,000 inhabitants, which is lower than other countries in Latin America. Only 38.5% of those patients with a psychiatric diagnosis receive any kind of mental health care, whether from a specialist or primary care. There is a perception among lay persons, that psychiatric treatments lack efficacy, despite evidence demonstrating the contrary. Not addressing the treament gap in mental health has serious public health implications

Palabras llave : Alcoholism; Depression; Mental health.

        · texto en Español     · pdf en Español