Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
VICENTE P, Benjamín; KOHN, Robert; SALDIVIA B, Sandra y RIOSECO S, Pedro. Burden of phychiatric diseases in Chile. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2007, vol.135, n.12, pp. 1591-1599. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872007001200014.
Chile has one of the highest disease burdens caused by neuropsychiatric illnesses in the world, according to WHO, reaching to 31%- Major depression and alcohol use disorders are ranked first and second in attributed disability among adults. Nearly one-third of the population has had a psychiatric disorder in their lifetime, and 22.2% in the past year. Anxierty disorders are the most prevalent conditions, followed by major depression and alcohol abuse. Currently, mental health accounts for 2.3%) of the health care budget, which is less than some neighboring countries. The availability of 1.3 psychiatric beds per 10,000 inhabitants, is less than the mean of lower-income countries. Moreover, 81% are for chronic rather than acute care. Chile has 4.0 psychiatrist per 100,000 inhabitants, which is lower than other countries in Latin America. Only 38.5% of those patients with a psychiatric diagnosis receive any kind of mental health care, whether from a specialist or primary care. There is a perception among lay persons, that psychiatric treatments lack efficacy, despite evidence demonstrating the contrary. Not addressing the treament gap in mental health has serious public health implications
Palabras clave : Alcoholism; Depression; Mental health.