Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
STEHR, Carlos; VELASCO, Soledad; VELASCO, Alfredo y LOPEZ M, José Manuel. Is adrenal tumor size related to evolution time or does it represent a biological difference?. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2007, vol.135, n.12, pp. 1526-1529. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872007001200004.
Background: Adrenal tumor (AT) malignancy has been related to tumor size. Since laparoscopic surgery is being used, smaller adrenal tumors are being excised. Aim: To evaluate eventual clinical and histológica! differences between adrenal tumors smaller than 4 cm. and those larger than 6 cm. Patients and Methods: Retrospective review of pathological reports and clinical records of patients operated for adrenal tumors, dividing them in two groups. Group 1 had 29patients aged 52 ± 13 years with AT < 4 cm operated during the period 2000-2005, and Group 2 was formed by 52 patients aged 46 ±18 years with AT >6 cm operated between 1984-2005- Tumors between 4 and 6 cm were not included in the study to establish clear cut differences between groups. Results: Tumors were functional in 40 and 41% of cases in groups 1 and 2 respectively. Fifty percent of functional tumors of group 1 were pheochromocytomas and the rest secreted aldosterone. In group 2, 66% of tumors were phechromocytomas and no aldosterone secreting tumors were found. Fifty two and eight percent of tumors in Groups 1 and 2 were adenomas, respectively (p <0.001). Nineteen tumors of group 2 were malignant, compared with one of group 1 (p <0.001). Conclusions: The tumor size of adrenal cortical tumors may represent biological differences, suggesting two different tumor populations. At time of diagnosis adrenal carcinomas are almost always larger than 6 cm
Palabras clave : Adrenal gland neoplasm; Aldosterone; Pheochromocytoma.