Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
RANA K, Javier; FERRER O, Juan-Carlos y BEDREGAL G, Paula. A model for resource allocation in primary health care. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2007, vol.135, n.1, pp. 54-62. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872007000100008.
Resource allocation in primary health care is a worldwide issue. In Chile, the state allocates resources to city halls using a mechanism called "per capita". However, each city hall distributes these resources according to the historical expenses of each health center. None of these methods considers the epidemiological and demographic differences in demand. This article proposes a model that allocates resources to health centers in an equitable, efficient and transparent fashion. The model incorporates two types of activities; those that are programmable, whose demand is generated by medical teams and those associated to morbidity, generated by patients. In the first case the health promotion, prevention and control activities are programmed according to the goals proposed by health authorities. In the second case, the utilization rates are calculated for different sociodemographic groups. This model was applied in one of the most populated communities of Metropolitan Santiago and proved to increase efficiency and transparency in resource allocation
Palabras clave : Health resources; Primary health care; Resource allocation.