Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
SARMIENTO, Sandra et al. Social functioning and psychopathologic risk factors in hemophilic children. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2006, vol.134, n.1, pp.53-59. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872006000100007.
Background: Children with hemophilia can experience problems with their mental health status and social functioning. Aim: To assess the mental health status of hemophilic children. Material and methods: Thirty four hemophilic children aged 5 to 13 years were studied. A translation of the special survey to assess mental health in children, denominated "Domingo" Mental Health Survey was applied. It consisted in animated cartoon questions related to the family, social and school life. According to the score obtained, children were classified as normal, doubtful or pathologic. The social functioning areas studied were family, school, relationship and emotional. Aggressiveness, depression/anxiety and rejection were the psychopathologic factors analyzed. Results: Forty four percent of hemophilic children were considered normal, 20% doubtful and 35% pathologic. According to the severity of the disease, 67% of children with severe, 57% with moderate and 45% with mild hemophilia, were considered abnormal. Aggressiveness was the main risk factor in the emotional and family area, depression/anxiety in the family and emotional area and rejection in the family area. Fifty six percent of children had abnormalities in their social functioning and the severity of the disease was a predisposing factor. Conclusions: Psychopathologic factors in children with hemophilia appear mainly in the family environment
Palabras clave : Hemophilia A; Hemophilia B; Mental health; Psychological phenomena and processes.