Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
BLUMEL M, Bernardita et al. Depressive symptoms after an acute myocardial infarction. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2005, vol.133, n.9, pp. 1021-1027. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872005000900004.
Background: Depression after myocardial infarction (MI) is a frequent disorder and it increases the long-term risk of cardiac mortality. Aim: To assess the frequency of depressive symptoms and the history of depression in hospitalized post-MI patients. Patients and Methods: During three months, depressive symptoms and history of depression were studied in 47 consecutive patients (mean age 59,8±9,5 years, 68% male), admitted for MI to the Barros Luco Trudeau Hospital. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 2.1) were used with DSM-IV diagnosis criteria. Results: According to the results obtained using the CIDI, 27,7% of the patients had a history of depression. This occurred in 53,3% of women and 15,6% of men (p <0.01). During the hospitalization, 38,3% of patients had depressive symptoms (BDI ³ 17 points), affecting 60% of women and 28,1% of men (p <0.02). In women and patients with history of depression, depressive symptoms tended to be more common and more severe. Conclusions: Depressive symptoms in post-MI patients are frequent and attending physicians should actively detect them (Rev Méd Chile 2005; 133: 1021-27).
Palabras clave : Depression; Heart diseases; Myocardial infarction.