Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
FAGALDE H, María del Pilar; SOLAR H, José Antonio del; GUERRERO B, Marcia y ATALAH S, Eduardo. Risk factors for non communicable chronic diseases among workers of a financial company. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2005, vol.133, n.8, pp. 919-928. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872005000800008.
Background: The epidemic of cardiovascular diseases in Chile, requires the development of strategies in health promotion and prevention. Aim: To assess the prevalence of risk factors for chronic non communicable diseases among workers of a financial company in Metropolitan Santiago. Material and Methods: Assessment of 2,225 workers (1,383 males with a median age of 49 years and 842 females with a median age of 43 years). All answered an enquiry about education, medical history, smoking habits and physical activity. Body mass index and blood pressure were measured and a blood sample was obtained to measure blood glucose and lipid levels. Logistic repression models were used to determine the main risk factors for hypertension, diabetes, obesity, hypercholesterolemia and hyperuricemia. Results: Sixteen percent of studied subjects were obese, 49% had overweight, 57% had hypercholesterolemia, 28% had high blood pressure, 4% were diabetic, 4% had hyperuricemia, 45% smoked and 83% were sedentary. Each worker had a mean of 2.4±1.1 risk factors. This figure was significantly higher among men, obese subjects, those older than 40 years and those with a lower educational level. Conclusions: There is an important disease burden among the studied subjects, specially among obese and older individuals. Healthy lifestyles should be promoted in this population
Palabras clave : Cardiovascular diseases; Environment and Public Health; Risk factors.