Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
HERNANDEZ G, Guillermo et al. Anxiety disorders among patients hospitalized in a medical ward. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2005, vol.133, n.8, pp.895-902. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872005000800005.
Background:Anxiety symptoms and anxiety disorders are common among medical patients, however few studies differentiate both and consider the psychiatric comorbidity of anxiety disorders among such patients. Aim: To evaluate the presence of anxiety disorders among patients admitted to a medical ward. Patients and methods: Random selection of 406 patients (mean age 56 years, 203 female), hospitalized in a medical ward of a public hospital, mainly for cardiovascular, genitourinary and digestive diseases. All were assessed using an structured interview for DSM-III-R. Results: Twenty six percent of women and 13% of men had anxiety disorders. Fifteen percent of women and 6% of men had specific phobias, 7% of women and 4% of men had generalized anxiety, 5% of women and 0.5% of men had agoraphobia, 3% of women and 0.5% of men had social phobia, 1% of men and 0.5% of women had panic disorders and 0.5% of women had a post traumatic stress. Specific phobias and social phobias started during childhood. Anxiety and agoraphobia started during adulthood. Among patients with anxiety disorders, 43% of women and 34% of men did not have other psychiatric ailment, 34% of women and 19% of men had an associated depression and 34% of men had disorders due to use of alcohol. Conclusions: A high proportion of patients hospitalized in medical wards have anxiety disorders, that once identified it may help to treat the medical ailments
Palabras clave : Agoraphobia; Anxiety; Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders; Depression.