Revista médica de Chile
versión impresa ISSN 0034-9887
CARTIER R., Luis. Falls and gait disorders in the elderly. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2002, vol.130, n.3, pp.332-337. ISSN 0034-9887. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872002000300014.
There is a higher frequency of falls in the elderly than in young people, due to age related physiological changes in gait. There is a lower amplitude of pelvic movements that affects gait efficiency. Equilibrium is also disturbed since the trunk assumes the leadership of gait, displacing the pelvis. Many diseases of elderly individuals, such as Parkinson disease, spastic paraparesis, cerebrovascular accidents or neuropathies, further impair the gait. Therefore, after the age of 65, all falls must be considered symptomatic (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 332-7)
Palabras clave : Accidental falls; Aged; Frail elderly; Gait.