Revista médica de Chile
Print version ISSN 0034-9887
SANTA MARIA V, Lorena et al. Methylation, cytogenetic and FISH tests in the molecular diagnosis of Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes. Rev. méd. Chile [online]. 2001, vol.129, n.4, pp. 367-374. ISSN 0034-9887. doi: 10.4067/S0034-98872001000400004.
Background: The diagnosis of Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes is difficult, since their phenotypic manifestations are variable and unspecific. The study of the methylation state of DNA in l5(q11-q13) using polymerase chain reaction, called methylation test, allows the diagnosis of most patients with Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes, irrespective if the underlying molecular alteration is a deletion, uniparental disomy or a punctual imprinting mutation. Aim: To assess the effectiveness of methylation test in the diagnosis of Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes. Patients and methods: Thirty seven cases with a presumptive diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome and 25 with the presumptive diagnosis of Angelman syndrome were studied. Methylation test was done in genomic DNA obtained from peripheral Iymphocytes. Results: Methylation test confirmed the clinical diagnosis in 11 of 37 patients with PraderWilli (30%) and 6 of 25 patients with Angelman syndrome (24%). Conclusions: Clinical criteria overestimate the diagnosis of Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes. The initial diagnosis should be confirmed with the methylation test and, if necessary, with FISH that will detect most deletions in the region. (Rev Méd Chile 2001, 129: 367-374)
Keywords : Angelman syndrome Cytogenetics; mutation; Prader-Willi syndrome.