Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Journal of technology management & innovation]]> http://www.scielo.cl/rss.php?pid=0718-272420150004&lang=en vol. 10 num. 4 lang. en <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.cl <![CDATA[<strong>Reverse Transfers of Innovation and National Development</strong>: <strong>Evidence from Brazilian Subsidiaries</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400001&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The search for innovation has become an important motivation for the internationalization of companies in emerging countries. In that context, this study tests the impact that a nation's development has on whether subsidiaries transfer innovation of products or that of processes. Survey data collected from 73 subsidiaries of Brazilian companies indicate that companies located in developed markets tend to transfer more product-oriented innovations than do those based in emerging countries. Furthermore, the size and age of a subsidiary has an impact on the transfer process. The larger and younger the subsidiary, the more likely a company is to favor the flow of product innovation into its headquarters. The level of national development was not identified as an influence on the flow of process innovation. <![CDATA[<strong>Technology Transfer Model Proposal in Public Research Institutions</strong>: <strong>The Search for a more Effective Process in the Broiler Chain in Brazil</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Brazilian agricultural and livestock represent 22.54% of the Brazilian Gross Domestic Product. The Brazilian Agricultural and Livestock Research Company aims to develop technologic solutions for this sector. It has an approximate annual budget of 2.5 million dollars and 2,440 researchers. The researches target audience diversity makes more challenging the Technology Transfer process for the institution. The objective of this article was the proposal and validation, under the perception of the broiler productive chain agents, of a Technology Transfer model to optimize the public-private interaction for the institution. Were interviewed 142 agents, with a statistically significant sample, higher than 95%. The results demonstrated the contribution of Embrapa for the technological development of the chain is perceived as low, but the Technology Transfer model presented was considered essential by 96.77% of the respondents to optimize the Technology Transfer of Embrapa Pigs and Poultry to the chain. <![CDATA[<strong>Business Incubators in Brazil</strong>: <strong>Main Gaps to Be Explored by Academic Researchers</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400003&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The business incubators have an essential role at any global entrepreneurial ecosystem. Through the support offered to entrepreneurs in terms of infrastructure and management, they reduce mortality risk of startup companies and contribute to better performance of the country's economy. In order to make a contribution to the academia and to business incubators, this paper is primarily engaged in performing a literature review on Brazilian and international academic basis in order to identify which are the main themes of research conducted involving Brazilian business incubators. The results show that most of the themes are associated with the services provision by the incubators and its management; however, there are many gaps yet to be explored by academic researchers, such as internal characteristics or the interrelationship between business incubators and triple helix. <![CDATA[<strong>Research Results Transfer towards the Productive Sector via Research Collaboration in Four Colombian Public Universities</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400004&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en This article shows the determining factors in the research results transfer towards the productive sector via research collaboration in four Colombian public universities. Thirty heads of units in the aforementioned universities were interviewed, which served to determine eleven cases of study and conduct interviews with thirty-five participants ranging from researchers, participant in formation and business people, in each case, it was found that especially in the last decade universities have turned to creating capacities for research collaboration as well as an openness in participants to create links that not only go in favor of enriching the productive sector but also in strengthening formation and research processes. It was concluded that there is a recent growing interest in the different actors in strengthening the bonds between the universities and the productive sector, though there may be some difficulties in the process of research collaboration due to the lack of an appropriate regulatory framework. <![CDATA[<strong>Mapping the Connection between Knowledge Transfer and Firm Competitiveness</strong>: <strong>An Empirical Research in the Basque Country</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400005&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Knowledge transfer (KT) is a wide and complex phenomenon enclosed in the subject of knowledge management which encompasses some related concepts such as knowledge exchange, knowledge sharing, knowledge interfacing and knowledge flow. Presently, KT is one of the most appealing topics in the field of business and economics due to the connection with innovation and business growth that raises the interest and expectancy of diverse institutions and companies on this practice. Many studies about the theme: concept, characteristics and composing elements have been written during the last two decades, and researchers have tried to depict models to represent KT drawing on the different perspectives of the phenomenon, and focused on varied contexts. Connection of knowledge transfer, innovation, and competitiveness has already been revealed, and evidence of a close relationship between effective impact of KT processes, successful innovation, and higher business performance has already been found out. Therefore, identifying the basic keys of the phenomenon of KT which moderate the impact on business competitiveness will become a noteworthy contribution to the business and innovation management field. The aim of this research is to describe the connection between KT and firm competitiveness through the listing of the main business keys to take into account when planning and performing KT operations. For this purpose, firstly, we develop a conceptual framework of the KT phenomenon, drawing upon a distinguished theoretical KT model which links the determining factors and the impact. Afterwards, we elaborate a survey of questions framed in the model, in order to proceed with an empirical fieldwork based on qualitative interviews with companies and institutions sited in the Basque Country and whose KT activities are frequent and heterogeneous. The qualitative research lets us explain the findings, and state the conclusions of the study, bringing to light a direct link between KT impact and the extent of competitiveness of a company, and revealing a set of main success factors to increase business performance: suitable design and implementation of mechanisms to perform KT, effective cooperation between players, skilled management of the mix of knowledge, and propitious organisational culture. <![CDATA[<strong>Agrobiodiversity Products by SWOT Analysis as an Analysis for Strategic Innovation</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400006&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The paper aimed to demonstrate the potential of agro-biodiversity products derived from medicinal plants of the family farmers in Profito network (specific program of the Brazilian government). Method used was scenarios analysis of the knowledge. Literature review it was in the scientific database. According to the new "green wave" created by contemporary society aiming a better health and quality of life by population, it led to the depredation of medicinal species due to the acceleration of global trade demand. Thus, was constructed a SWOT analysis to support managers in strategic planning through of the potential agro-biodiversity products. It shows the appreciation of environmentally conscious products, economically sustainable and the creation of new public policies that ensure and valuation to the rescue, conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity since they are essential for building this niche market. <![CDATA[<strong>Feature Fatigue, IT Fashion and IT Consumerization</strong>: <strong>Is There a Relationship?</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400007&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Based on the concepts of Feature Fatigue, IT Fashion and IT Consumerization, this paper aims to investigate the relationships between them answering two questions: (1) does the phenomenon of IT Fashion result in Feature Fatigue? (2) Will the concept of Feature Fatigue cause the same effect when looking from the point of view of the IT Consumerization in the corporate environment? The research addresses these questions through two techniques: a laddering and a survey. Albeit tenuously, the results provide evidence that consumption motivated by IT Fashion leads to Feature Fatigue. This study contributes to management research by attempting at the phenomenon described from a multidisciplinary perspective, also contributing to management practice, specifically for marketing managers trying to understand the experiences and expectations of consumers, and also for IT managers engaged in the design of governance policies regarding the use of personal devices by employees in this context. <![CDATA[<strong>Obstacles to Small Innovative Companies' Development</strong>: <strong>Case Study of Nizhny Novgorod Region</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400008&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en The article presents the survey results of obstacles to small innovative companies as a case study of Nizhny Novgorod region of Russia as an area with high innovative potential and great level of socio-economic indicators. Based on the semi-structural personal interviews with 19 experts - the management of support infrastructure, results shows some typical for this region impediments: bureaucracy; lack of trust, poor collaboration within the innovation system; poor information support; legislative obstacles to innovations and intellectual property protection; low interest of large companies in collaboration with small ones. The findings and recommendations can help policy-makers to meet the needs of small innovative companies, and increase the innovative activity of small firms through the improvement of the assistance programs. <![CDATA[<strong>Integrating Technology, Management and Marketing Innovation through Open Innovation Models</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400009&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en This paper explores, through a company case study, the importance of innovation for the competitive development of a company and how the adoption of an open innovation strategy could be effective to face typical barriers associated with the implementation of such processes. The case analysis shows the importance of the University-Industry relationship and the relevant role that the government plays in fomenting these relationships. Likewise, we point out the value of adopting an integral vision of the innovation process that not only considers its technological dimension (new product development), but also the elements associated to marketing and organizational change practices. The case studied herein exemplifies the systemic character of innovation and the relevance it has for companies, particularly for SME's, to open its innovation strategy and integrate themselves with other actors to leverage its cognitive and financial resources as well as to explore new routes to bring the best of its internal technological capacities. <![CDATA[<strong>Open Innovation and Business Model</strong>: <strong>A Brazilian Company Case Study</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400010&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Open Innovation is increasingly being introduced in international and national organizations for the creation of value. Open innovation is a practical tool, requiring new strategies and decisions from managers for the exploitation of innovative activities. The basic question that this study seeks to answer is linked to the practice of open innovation in connection with the open business model geared towards the creation of value in a Brazilian company. This paper aims to present a case study that illustrates how open innovation offers resources to change the open business model in order to create value for the Brazilian company. The case study method of a company in the sector of pharma-chemical products was used. The results indicate that internal sources of knowledge, external sources of knowledge and accentuate working partnerships were adopted by company as strategies to offer resources to change the open business model in order to create value. <![CDATA[<strong>Active Internationalization of Small and Medium - Sized Software Enterprises - Cases of French Software Companies</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400011&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en Implementations of software production processes usually ignore organizational, market, and economical attributes of products that are to be inserted in international markets. Software engineering has begun to deal with the business aspects of software products only recently. The Guide to the Software Engineering Body of Knowledge v3.0 presents two concepts of life cycle: the software development life cycle and the software product life cycle. The second is more concerned with business issues related to software products, but research on those issues is still due. In this sense, this paper aims to answer the following question: what factors allow small and medium software enterprises to offer high value added products in order to enter and remain in the international market? This work selects four research dimensions from literature and explores a number of variables inside those dimensions, which are considered as candidates to help explaining a successful process of active internationalization. The paper presents a multiple case study that shows that although innovation, entrepreneurship, and foreign market knowledge are important dimensions for the active internationalization, networking is not as relevant as it could be thought. <![CDATA[<strong>Factores Clave en la Gestión de Tecnología de Información para Sistemas de Gobierno Inteligente</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0718-27242015000400012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en La dinámica actual de las ciudades establece nuevos retos para los sistemas de gobernanza pública. Un reto importante para los gobiernos es diseñar e implementar novedosas estrategias de interacción y comunicación con los ciudadanos, a través de las tecnologías, con el fin de lograr un mejoramiento en la prestación de servicios sostenible, eficaz y eficiente garantizando la integridad y la construcción de confianza para mejorar la relación de los ciudadanos con el estado y la implementación de iniciativas de gobierno inteligente es una de las estrategias validas en este contexto. Este artículo identifica, presenta y analiza los factores claves para la gestión de Tecnología Informática (TI) teniendo en cuenta los desafíos y retos actuales que afrontan los territorios al momento de trazar metas hacía una gobernanza inteligente.<hr/>The actual dynamic of cities establishes new challenges for public governance systems. An important challenge for governments is to design and implement innovative strategies of interaction and communication with citizens trough of the technology in order to achieve improvement in the delivery of sustainable, effective and efficient services by ensuring the integrity and building trust to improve the relationship between citizens with the state and the implementation of smart government initiatives is one strategy valid in this context. This article identifies, introduces and analyzes the key factors in the management of Information Technology (IT) taking into account the challenges and current challenges facing the territories when setting goals for smart governance.