Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Historia (Santiago)]]> http://www.scielo.cl/rss.php?pid=0717-719420030036&lang=es vol. 36 num. lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.cl <![CDATA[<I>IN MEMORIAM</I> SIMON COLLIER Y FRANCOIS-XAVIER GUERRA]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es <![CDATA[EUROPA OCCIDENTAL Y EL DESARROLLO CHILENO 1945-973]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600002&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Good relations with the main Westeuropean powers has been the cornerstone of Chilean foreign Policy since independence. Since the Second World War, the U.S. replaced almost completely the european influence on Chilean international relations. But step by step, the European powers reconstructed the economic ties with Chile, which was their main goal. Chile's goal mainly intended to find wider markets for copper, and above all, economic assistance for development. The assistance was considered irreplaceable for the Chileans. Third, there was the larger context of the Cold War and the ideological history of the century, which colored the visions of Chileans and European alike. The visits of Frei to Europe in 1965; and the visits of General De Gaulle to Chile in 1965, and of Queen Elizabeth II to Chile in 1968, are the highpoints of a complex relationship. Under "West Europe" will be considered England, France, West Germany, plus Spain, which has been always seen be Chileans as part of a certain West Europe. The research has been done in Chilean, as well English, French, German and Spanish archives. <![CDATA[CARTAS DE DON MÁXIMO R. LIRA A DOÑA ISABEL ERRÁZURIZ DESDE LOS CAMPAMENTOS CHILENOS DURANTE LA GUERRA DEL PACÍFICO (1879-1881)]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Good relations with the main Westeuropean powers has been the cornerstone of Chilean foreign Policy since independence. Since the Second World War, the U.S. replaced almost completely the european influence on Chilean international relations. But step by step, the European powers reconstructed the economic ties with Chile, which was their main goal. Chile's goal mainly intended to find wider markets for copper, and above all, economic assistance for development. The assistance was considered irreplaceable for the Chileans. Third, there was the larger context of the Cold War and the ideological history of the century, which colored the visions of Chileans and European alike. The visits of Frei to Europe in 1965; and the visits of General De Gaulle to Chile in 1965, and of Queen Elizabeth II to Chile in 1968, are the highpoints of a complex relationship. Under "West Europe" will be considered England, France, West Germany, plus Spain, which has been always seen be Chileans as part of a certain West Europe. The research has been done in Chilean, as well English, French, German and Spanish archives. <![CDATA[INTUICIÓN ARTÍSTICA Y ACONTECIMIENTOS HISTóRICOS: REBECA MATTE Y EL MONUMENTO A LA GUERRA PARA EL PALACIO DE LA PAZ EN LA HAYA: 1913-14]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600004&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Since the "romantic modernity" the nineteenth century painters and sculptors have increased their dramatic sense of life and history according, not only with the epocal circonstancies, but also with a process of self-conciusness, that intensified their sensibility. This article study this problem trhrough the example of the chilean scultpture, Rebeca Matte Bello (1875-1929) and her Monument "The War" in La Haya International Court, placed there in the year 1914, inmediatly before the begining of the First World War. The genesis of this monument in the personal and diplomatic chilean correspodence, shows that, nevertheless the proliferation of the pacifist mouvements leadered by The International Court, Rebeca Matte, according of his ouwn artistic intuition, anticipates, not the peace, but suffering, destruction and death. <![CDATA[EL PUERTO DE IQUIQUE EN TIEMPOS DE ADMINISTRACIÓN PERUANA]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600005&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The present article shows the social, economic and political evolution of the city of Iquique during the period of Peruvian administration, from its origin as small village of native fishermen to the beginning of the blockade by Chilean Navy in 1879, by which time it had become one of the most important and cosmopolitan ports on the West Coast of South America. <![CDATA[EN TORNO A LA ASIMETRÍA DE LOS GÉNEROS EN LA SOCIEDAD MAPUCHE DEL PERÍODO DE LA CONQUISTA HISPANA]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600006&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The primacy of masculine gender in almost every domain of culture is an universal phenomenon: men and women participate in differentiated value systems which, according to Marvin Harris, are grounded in the exclusive practice of war by men. The mapuche society in the conquest days was not an exception, and the ideology behind their social practices determined an asymmetry between both genders. centrality of civil legislation for the consolidation of the new order in the continent <![CDATA[EL DISCURSO CONFESIONAL EN EL EPISTOLARIO DE SOR JOSEFA DE LOS DOLORES PEÑA Y LILLO (SIGLO XVIII)]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600007&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es This article attempts to make known the Epistolary, up to now inedited, of Sister Josefa de los Dolores Peña y Lillo, chilean dominican nun from the XVIII th century. Her text constituted by sixty five letters, addressed to her father confessor, the jesuit Manuel Alvarez. These letters are kept in the Archive of the Dominican Monastery of Santa Rosa de Lima in Santiago, Chile. The letters seem a manifestation of confessional discourse which the nuns had to write by order of their father confessors or ecclesiastical autorities. However, the Epistolary analysis reveals the transformations of that discoursive pattern, which Sor Josefa's writing constitutes itself in the support of a selfknowing process and in a construction of woman identity, which is not recognized only in her religious vocation and virtues, but also in her knowing capacity, wisdom and words management. <![CDATA[LA REPÚBLICA DEL ORDEN: SIMÓN BOLÍVAR, ANDRÉS BELLO Y LAS TRANSFORMACIONES DEL PENSAMIENTO POLÍTICO DE LA INDEPENDENCIA]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600008&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es This essay explores the relationship between Andrés Bello and Simón Bolívar, arguing that their history of friendship and misunderstandings had a profound impact on Bello's decision to come to Chile. It is furthermore argued that Bello would have avoided any references to Bolívar had it not been for the allegations, aired in the press, that he had betrayed the Libertador. However, in the process of responding to the accusations, he conveyed a view of Bolívar that fit well with his own desire to promote the rule of law in Chile and beyond. It is not coincidental, then, that he transmitted highly negative views of Bolívar at the same time that he was about to launch the Civil Code. The essay concludes by suggesting that Bolívar and Bello represent two different perspectives on post-independence republicanism, one informed by classical sources, and the other drawing on emerging liberal views on the centrality of civil legislation for the consolidation of the new order in the continent. <![CDATA[LA MINERÍA AURÍFERA EN LA REGIÓN AUSTRAL AMERICANA (1869-1950)]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600009&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es A complete panoramic vision about the discovery and exploitation of gold in the meridional region of America is presented, describing its different episodes: Las Minas River (1869), Boquerón mountains (1881), Zanja a Pique (1884), Páramo (1887), Sloggett Bay (1887) and Southern Islands (1890). Also an account of the climax, development and decline of mechanic miners (the "gold fever") between 1903 and 1908 is given, specially in relation to Tierra del Fuego island, which generated so many frustrations and failures. In the same manner the development of craft miners is described before and after 1900, until 1950, when the hole historic aurifer exploitation finished. Some considerations and evaluations of historic aurifer production are made and, also, about the demographic, economic and politic consequences of this auriferous activity in Magallanes. <![CDATA[ROSA DE SANTA MARÍA(1586-1617): GÉNESIS DE SU SANTIDAD Y PRIMERA HAGIOGRAFÍA]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600010&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es How did a young girl, almost unknows to the great majority of the inhabitants of Lima, who lived as a semi recluse, become a saint just after her death, venerated by hundreds who came to play homage and approach her body to obtain relics and the cure of disease? To answer these questions, this paper analyzes the role played by Luisa de Melgarejo, the circumstances surrounding the death of the girl, and the infleunce of the Dominican Order in generating a climate of opinion which made possible the start of the beatification process. An important element in this last, is the life of Rosa written by a member of that order a few days after her death, and which can which can be considered her first hagiography. <![CDATA[PATRIA Y CLASE EN LOS ALBORES DE LA IDENTIDAD PAMPINA (1860-1890)]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600011&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Focusing on the categories of class and nation, this article explores the constitution of a particular expression of group identity, known in Chile as "identidad pampina", in and around the notrate fields of the Atacama Desert. The arrival of numerous Chilean migrant workers in the decades preceding and following the outbreak of the War of the pacific slowly gave rise to a very characteristic form of working-class culture that combined, sometimes in harmony, others in tension, very strong feelings of both class and nation. Their complex interplay is traced through different moments and experiences, highlighting the often contradictory forces through which a community acquires and builds a sense of collective belonging <![CDATA[LA GRAN CONVENCIÓN DEL PARTIDO LIBERAL DEMOCRÁTICO EN 1893: UN HITO EN LA REORGANIZACIÓN DEL BALMACEDISMO DESPUÉS DE LA GUERRA CIVIL CHILENA DE 1891]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600012&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[FICHERO BIBLIOGRÁFICO: 2001]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600013&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[ROBERTO ARANCIBIA CLAVEL, <I>La influencia del Ejército chileno en América Latina 1900-195</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600014&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[NICOLÁS CRUZ. <I>El surgimiento de la educación secundaria pública en Chile. 1843-1876 (El Plan de Estudios Humanista</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600015&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[CRISTÍAN GAZMURI, <I>Eduardo Frei Montalva y su época</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600016&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[EMMA DE RAMÓN, <I>Obra y fe. La catedral de Santiago, 1541-1769</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600017&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[ANTON PAZOS Y DIEGO RICARDO, <I>El Concilio Plenario de América Latina</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600018&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[GONZALO VIAL, <I>Pinochet. La Biografía</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600019&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[SERGIO VILLALOBOS R. Chile y Perú. <I>La historia que nos une y nos separa</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600020&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[JUAN RICARDO COUYOUMDJIAN, ELIANA ROZAS, JOSEFINA TOCORNAL: <I>La Hora, 1935-1951, trayectoria de un diario político</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600021&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[SERGIO GONZÁLEZ MIRANDA <I>Chilenizando a Tunupa. La escuela pública en el Tarapacá Andino</I> <I>1880-1990</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600022&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[GABRIEL SALAZAR Y JULIO PINTO<I>Historia Contemporánea de Chile</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600023&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[RODOLFO URBINA BURGOS, <I>La vida en Chiloé en los tiempos del fogón, 1900-1940</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600024&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[MARGARET POWER, <I>Right-Wing Women in Chile, Feminine power and the struggle against Allende, 1964-1973</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600025&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[ENRIQUE BRAHM GARCÍA, <I>Preparados para la guerra. Pensamiento militar chileno bajo influencia alemana 1885-1930</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600026&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[RICARDO KREBS, <I>La Iglesia de América Latina en el siglo XIX</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600027&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[CRISTIÁN GAZMURI, <I>El Chile del centenario, los ensayistas de la crisis</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600028&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later. <![CDATA[JULIO RETAMAL FAVEREAU, CARLOS CELIS ATRIA, JOSÉ MIGUEL DE LA CERDA MERINO, CARLOS RUIZ RODRÍGUEZ Y JOSÉ URZÚA PRIETO. <I>Familias Fundadoras de Chile, 1656-1700. El conjunto final</I>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-71942003003600029&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es The current article deals with the first Great Convention of the Liberal Democratic Party after the 1891 Chilean Civil War. In the conflict had fought the partisans of the presidential regime against the defenders of the parliamentary one, which finally was imposed with the triumph "on the battle-fields". Thus, the Liberal Democratic Party was structured from the reunion of the defeated, officially during in the Great Convention held in Talca in November 1893. Among the important decisions adopted in the meeting were to be the followers of President Balmaceda's ideals and the defense of presidentialism, but participating within the parliamentary system, even against their constitutional convictions, leaving behind the most extremes points of view. As a consequence were stated the foundations of national reconciliation, to which Chile would arrive few years later.