Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Revista médica de Chile]]> http://www.scielo.cl/rss.php?pid=0034-988720170003&lang=es vol. 145 num. 3 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.cl/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.cl <![CDATA[<strong><i>Obesidad y enfermedad renal</i></strong>: <strong><i>las consecuencias ocultas de una epidemia</i></strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic, and its prevalence has been projected to grow by 40% in the next decade. This increasing prevalence has implications for the risk of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and also for Chronic kidney disease. A high body mass index is one of the strongest risk factors for new-onset Chronic kidney disease. In individuals affected by obesity, a compensatory hyperfiltration occurs to meet the heightened metabolic demands of the increased body weight. The increase in intraglomerular pressure can damage the kidneys and raise the risk of developing Chronic kidney disease in the long-term. The incidence of obesity-related glomerulopathy has increased ten-fold in recent years. Obesity has also been shown to be a risk factor for nephrolithiasis, and for a number of malignancies including kidney cancer. This year the World Kidney Day promotes education on the harmful consequences of obesity and its association with kidney disease, advocating healthy lifestyle and health policy measures that makes preventive behaviors an affordable option.<hr/>La obesidad se ha convertido en una epidemia mundial, y se ha proyectado que su prevalencia se incrementrá en 40% en la próxima década. Esta creciente prevalencia supone implicaciones tanto para el riesgo de desarrollo de diabetes mellitus y enfermedades cardiovasculares como para el desarrollo de Enfermedad renal crónica. Un elevado índice de masa corporal es uno de los factores de riesgo más importantes para el desarrollo de enfermedad renal crónica. En individuos afectados por la obesidad, tiene lugar una hiperfiltración compensatoria necesaria para alcanzar la alta demanda metabólica secundaria al aumento del peso corporal. El incremento de la presión intraglomerular puede generar daño renal y elevar el riesgo de desarrollar enfermedad renal crónica a largo plazo. La incidencia de glomerulopatía asociada a obesidad se ha incrementado 10 veces en los últimos años. Asimismo se ha demostrado que la obesidad es un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de nefrolitiasis y un número de neoplasias, incluyendo cáncer renal. Este año, el Día Mundial del Riñón promueve la educación acerca de las consecuencias nocivas de la obesidad y su asociación con la enfermedad renal, abogando por un estilo de vida saludable y la implementación de políticas públicas de salud que promuevan medidas preventivas alcanzables. <![CDATA[<strong>Superioridad del nuevo puntaje de riesgo ACC/AHA 2013 por sobre el puntaje de Framingham, en la predicción de riesgo de mortalidad cardiovascular en Santiago</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300002&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Recently, the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) proposed a new cardiovascular risk (CV) score. Aim: To evaluate the new risk score (ACC/AHA 2013) in a Chilean population. Material and Methods: Between 2002 and 2014, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profile and fasting blood glucose levels were measured and a survey about CV risk factors was responded by 3,284 subjects aged 40 to 79 years (38% females), living in urban Santiago. ACC/AHA 2013, FRAM and Chilean FRAM scores were calculated. All-cause mortality was determined in July 2014 by consulting the Death Registry of the Chilean Identification Service, with an average follow up of 7 ± 3 years. Results: The prevalence of risk factors were 78% for dyslipidemia, 37% for hypertension, 20% for smoking, 7% for diabetes, 20% for obesity and 54% for physical inactivity. The mean FRAM, Chilean FRAM and ACC/AHA scores were 8, 3 and 9%, respectively. During follow-up, 94 participants died and 34 deaths were of cardiovascular cause. Participants who died had a higher prevalence of hypertension (p < 0.01) and diabetes (p < 0. 01) and tended to be older (p = 0.06). The FRAM score for 10 years for deceased and surviving patients was 12 and 8%, respectively (p = NS). The figures for the Chilean FRAM were 5 and 2%, respectively (p = 0.09). The figures for the ACC/AHA 2013 score were 33 and 9%, respectively (p = 0.04). According to receiver operating characteristic curves, ACC/AHA 2013 had a higher area under de curve for CV mortality than FRAM and Chilean FRAM. Conclusions: The new ACC/AHA 2013 score, is better than traditional FRAM and Chilean FRAM scores in predicting cardiovascular mortality in a low risk population. <![CDATA[<strong>Factores de riesgo cardiovascular en universitarios de primer y tercer año</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. Aim: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study. Anthropometry, blood pressure, lipid profile, blood glucose, insulin resistance (IR), sedentary lifestyle, tobacco and alcohol consumption were evaluated during 2014 in randomly selected 163 freshmen aged 19.2 ± 1.8 years and 163 third year students aged 21.7 ± 2.5 years (49% females), stratified by faculty, career and gender. Results: 32.4% of students had prehypertension, 30.6% abdominal obesity, 26.3% insulin resistance, 25.7% dyslipidemia and 8.9% metabolic syndrome. Third grade students had higher prevalence of elevated total and LDL cholesterol and higher alcohol consumption, especially among students of middle and high socioeconomic level. Compared with students from the School of Medicine, students from the Education Faculty had 3.9, 3.3 and 2.7 times greater likelihood of being obese, having elevated LDLcholesterol and being smokers, respectively. Women had the highest prevalence of sedentary lifestyles and dyslipidemia. Men had the highest prevalence of prehypertension and smoking. Conclusions: Educational programs are required to promote healthy lifestyles among these students. <![CDATA[<strong>Prevalencia y factores asociados al consumo de cigarrillo tradicional, en adolescentes escolarizados</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300004&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Cigarette smoking is considered the most important preventable public health problem in developed countries, especially among adolescents. Aim: To determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking and associated factors in high school adolescents, from a Colombian city. Material and Methods: The self-administered global tobacco youth survey (GTYS) was answered by 831 teenagers aged 14 ± 2 years (54% females). For data analysis, proportions were calculated; for associations, binary and multivariable logistic regression was applied. Results: Fourteen percent of respondents declared that they had consumed at least one cigarette during the last 30 days. The life-time prevalence of tobacco use was 27.1%. Being older than thirteen years old, father’s academic level and having a smoker mother were factors associated with smoking. Conclusions: The prevalence of smoking in these adolescents was high. Age over 13 years and a smoking mother were associated with the cigarette smoking. <![CDATA[<strong>Epidemiología de las muertes prematuras en Chile en la década 2001-2010</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300005&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a parameter that allows to analyze premature deaths. Aim: To study the causes, differences by gender, geographic variations and the trend of premature deaths in the last decade in Chile. Material and Methods: Using death databases published by the Ministry of Health, YPLL were calculated for the decade 2001-2010, using the method proposed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Results: The standardized annual average YPLL rate in Chile in the study period was 4.703 per 100,000 inhabitants. Trauma, cancer and cardiovascular diseases accounted for 68% of YPLL. The male/female YPLL ratio was 2.07; for trauma and mental disorders, the male/female ratio for YPLL was over 5; for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases the male/female ratio was over two. Regions with a higher proportion of rural areas had higher YPLL rates. Conclusions: The main causes of YPLL are potentially preventable. Further studies should be carried out to identify risk factors for premature death. <![CDATA[<strong>Actividad física, obesidad y autoestima en escolares chilenos</strong>: <strong>Análisis mediante ecuaciones estructurales</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300006&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic disease and a problem for the Chilean society. Aim: To analyze the relationship between physical condition, body mass index (BMI), level of physical activity and self-esteem. Material ad Methods: Questionnaires to assess self-esteem (Rosemberg scale) and levels of physical activity (Physical Activity Questionnaire for older Children, PAQ-C) were answered by 515 children aged 10.5 ± 0.5 years from 27 schools of Santiago de Chile. BMI was calculated. Course-Navette test was carried out, vertical jump and hand dynamometry were measured. For statistical analysis, structural equations were used. Results: An acceptable goodness of fit for the models was found. There was a positive relationship between BMI and hand dynamometry, as well as a negative relationship between BMI and maximal oxygen consumption, jumping ability, physical activity and self-esteem. Finally, self-esteem was positively related to physical activity engagement. Conclusions: In these children, self-esteem was related to physical activity variables. <![CDATA[<strong>Características clínicas del trastorno depresivo mayor en tratamiento en el nivel secundario de atención</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300007&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Depression is considered the second leading cause of disability worldwide. Aim: To describe the clinical characteristics and the evolution of major depressive disorder (MDD) in secondary care. To evaluate the association between socio-demographic and clinic variables with the first or recurrent major depressive events (MDE). Material and Methods: Clinical features, treatment, remission and duration of MDE were evaluated during a follow up lasting 12 months in 112 participants aged 44 ± 15 years (79% women). Patients were assessed as outpatients every three months at three psychiatric care centers of Chile. Clinical interviews were carried out using DSM-IV diagnostic criteria checklists and the Hamilton Depression Scale was applied. Results: Most patients were referred from primary care. The mean time lapse for referral to the secondary level was 10.8 months. Most patients had episodes that were recurrent, severe, with a high rate of psychosis, with suicide attempts and melancholic features and with psychiatric and medical comorbidities. Remission rate was 27.5%. In only 16 % of patients, the episode lasted six months or less. The group with recurrent episodes had different age, sex and clinical features. Conclusions: MDD treated at the secondary care level is severe and its symptoms are intense. The time lapse prior to referral was prolonged. Primary care management and referral of these patients should be studied more closely. <![CDATA[<strong>Características clínicas y mortalidad de pacientes adultos con síndrome hemafagocítico, estudio de cohorte retrospectiva</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300008&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an aggressive and life-threatening syndrome of excessive immune activation Aim: To describe the clinical characteristics, causes and survival associated with HLH. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of patients with HLH attended between 2004 and 2016. They were classified according to their probable cause in: associated with immunosuppression, cancer, post-infectious or idiopathic. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed. Results: Twenty seven patients with HLH aged 18 to 87 years (59% men), were detected. Fourteen (52%) were secondary to immunosuppression, six (22%) were post-infectious, five (18%) were associated with cancer and two (7%) were of unknown cause. There were no significant differences in clinical or laboratory features between these etiologies. Within the immunosuppressed group, 12 (86%) were patients with oncologic or hematologic diseases or bone marrow transplantation. Associated cancers were mostly oncohematologic diseases. Thirty-day mortality was 53.4% (95% confidence intervals (CI) 32.7-70.3%), despite the treatment. Mortality was significantly associated with the presence of renal failure with a hazard ratio (HR) of 3.4 (95% CI of 1.2-9.9, p =0.025). Treatment of the underlying disease proved to be protective against mortality with an HR of 0.3 (95% CI 0.1 to 0.98, p = 0.046). Conclusions: The prognosis of HLH could be related to the treatment of the underlying disease. The study of the pathophysiology of this syndrome will allow a better understanding and treatment. <![CDATA[<strong>Uso de benzodiazepinas en adultos mayores en América Latina</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300009&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Background: Growing information has emphasized the risk of benzodiazepines (BZD), particularly among the elderly. However, the information available in Latin America is scarce. Aim: to review the available information on the use of BZD in older adults in Latin America to achieve an overview of the information currently available, and a thorough understanding of this phenomenon in our region. Methods: A systematic review with MeSH terms “elderly”, “latinamerican” and “benzodiazepines” was performed in PubMed and with each Latin American country. A search in databases SciELO and LILACS was also performed. In all, 126 items of finally selected 21 that met the inclusion criteria. Results: Studies show that consumption of benzodiazepines in the elderly population in Latin America is high, with a preponderance of long half-life benzodiazepines in women, and frequent self-medication. Conclusions: The revised articles establish the importance of further study of the phenomenon of the use of benzodiazepines in our elderly population. Strikingly, scientific information is scarce, with most studies coming from only one country (Brazil). Moreover, most of them are transversal and descriptive, with few studies that explore long-term side effects, or specific hypotheses. Further studies should address these important issues. <![CDATA[<strong>Potencial uso terapéutico de cannabis</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300010&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Cannabis sativa (marihuana) is considered an illicit drug due to its psychoactive properties. Recently, the Chilean government opened to the use cannabis in the symptomatic treatment of some patients. The biological effects of cannabis render it useful for the complementary treatment of specific clinical situations such as chronic pain. We retrieved scientific information about the analgesic properties of cannabis, using it as a safe drug. The drug may block or inhibit the transmission of nervous impulses at different levels, an effect associated with pain control. Within this context and using adequate doses, forms and administration pathways, it can be used for chronic pain management, considering its effectiveness and low cost. It could also be considered as an alternative in patients receiving prolonged analgesic therapies with multiple adverse effects. <![CDATA[<strong>Déficit atencional con hiperactividad</strong>: <strong>trastorno multicausal de la conducta, con heredabilidad y comorbilidad genética moderadas</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300011&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es This review aims to summarize information about the genetic etiology of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity (ADHD), with particular reference to the contributions of our research group. We also discuss the genetic comorbidity estimated from genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP´s) between ADHD and major psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia (E), major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). A high genetic comorbidity was found between E and BD (46%), a moderate comorbidity between MDD and E, MDD and BD and MDD and ADHD (18%, 22% and 10% respectively) and a low comorbidity between E and ASD (2.5%). Furthermore, we show evidence concerning the genetic determination of psychiatric diseases, which is significantly lower when it is estimated from genome-wide SNP´s rather than using traditional quantitative genetic methodology (ADHD = E = 23%, BD = 25%, MDD = 21% and ASD = 17%). From an evolutionary perspective, we suggest that behavioral traits such as hyperactivity, inattention and impulsivity, which play a role in ADHD and perhaps also other hereditary traits which are part of major psychiatric disorders, could have had a high adaptive value during the early stages of the evolution of Homo sapiens. However, they became progressively less adaptive and definitively disadvantageous, to the extreme that they are involved in frequently diagnosed major psychiatric disorders. <![CDATA[<strong>La investigación cualitativa</strong>: <strong>un aporte para mejorar los servicios de salud</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300012&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Health care research requires different methodological approaches such as qualitative and quantitative analyzes to understand the phenomena under study. Qualitative research is usually the least considered. Central elements of the qualitative method are that the object of study is constituted by perceptions, emotions and beliefs, non-random sampling by purpose, circular process of knowledge construction, and methodological rigor throughout the research process, from quality design to the consistency of results. The objective of this work is to contribute to the methodological knowledge about qualitative research in health services, based on the implementation of the study, “The transition process from pediatric to adult services: perspectives from adolescents with chronic diseases, caregivers and health professionals”. The information gathered through the qualitative methodology facilitated the understanding of critical points, barriers and facilitators of the transition process of adolescents with chronic diseases, considering the perspective of users and the health team. This study allowed the design of a transition services model from pediatric to adult health services based on the needs of adolescents with chronic diseases, their caregivers and the health team. <![CDATA[<strong>Declaración de la Academia Chilena de Medicina sobre el Título V de la Ley 20.850 (Ley Ricarte Soto) y su proyecto de reglamento “De los ensayos clínicos de productos farmacéuticos y elementos de uso médico”</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300013&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es In Chile, high cost treatments required by selected medical conditions are financed by the State, according to Law 20.850. A bylaw under discussion by the Senate regulates clinical trials, posing complex issues that will endanger local interest in front-line research: 1. The exclusive and mandatory control bestowed to the Institute of Public Health during all stages of the trials and also the surveillance of institutions performing clinical trials, overriding their Clinical Research Review Boards; 2.The 10 year period during which any adverse event is assumed to have been caused by the medication or devise evaluated by the trial, unless the contrary is proven in a judicial process; 3. Individuals submitted to the trials are entitled to free post trial access to the treatment received during the study, financed by the trial supporting entities and as long as the drug or devise is considered to be useful. While agreeing with the need to have a National Registry of Clinical Trials, we predict that the mentioned critical issues in the bylaw will lead to difficulties and unnecessary judicial processes, thus limiting clinicians’ interest in performing research. We propose to modify the bylaw, excluding responsibilities on events associated with the natural evolution of the medical condition, with patients’ ageing or with comorbidities and clinical events considered unpredictable when the protocol was accepted. We recommend that the free post trial access should be a joint decision involving the patient and the attending physician, taking in consideration that the volunteer has been exposed to risks and burdens, or when discontinuation of treatment entails a vital risk until the treatment under study has been approved and becomes available in the national market. <![CDATA[<strong>Formas de Revisión Ética de Proyectos de Investigación Biomédica</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300014&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Ten years after the approval of the Chilean bill that regulates scientific research in humans (Law Nº 20.120), and considering the current status of accreditation and training of many Research Ethics Committee (REC), it is necessary to analyze their performance. We analyzed the Chilean experience with REC aiming to propose a differential type of review, considering the risks to research participants. To improve the quality of the review and the efficiency of these committees, we propose to differentiate the revisions depending on the type of project, its methods and its risks. Initially, the types of review should be classified as exempt from review, expedited review and full review by the committee. In this proposal the type of review is confirmed or can be modified by a designated member of the committee after an initial review of the project. Thus, the deliberation and review times of the committee could be optimized avoiding delays in their revision. <![CDATA[<strong>Cetoacidosis diabética euglicémica asociada a inhibidor de cotransportador de sodio glucosa Tipo 2 en paciente con diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300015&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Diabetic ketoacidosis with mild hyperglycemia is a major complication of sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Although its use is not approved for patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, the drug is often prescribed with the hope of optimizing metabolic control. We report a 20 years old female with hypothyroidism and type 1 diabetes consulting for vomiting and abdominal pain. The patient had used canagliflozin during the two previous months. Laboratory showed a blood glucose of 200 mg/dl, a severe metabolic acidosis (pH 7.1) and ketonemia. The patient was successfully treated in the intensive care unit. <![CDATA[<strong>Diverticulitis aguda de intestino delgado en un paciente con enfermedad de Crohn</strong>: <strong><i>Report of one case</i></strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300016&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Diverticular disease of the small intestine is rare, especially when it is located in the jejunum. It is generally asymptomatic, but in some patients it may have complications such as acute diverticulitis with peritonitis, gastrointestinal bleeding or obstruction. In such cases, the recommended treatment is surgery. We report a 77-year-old patient with ileal Crohn’s disease with a long-standing inflammatory phenotype, who developed acute diverticulitis of the jejunum presenting a severe septic shock and secondary multiple-organ failure. It resolved with medical treatment and prolonged antibiotic therapy. <![CDATA[<strong><i>Embarazo a partir de un embrión vitrificado derivado de oocitos vitrificados y espermios descongelados</i></strong>: <strong><i>Reporte de un caso</i></strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300017&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Since the first successful pregnancy from a frozen human oocyte was reported, remarkable technological progress has been made in the area of cryopreservation of human oocytes. We report a successful delivery of two healthy babies after transfer of vitrified-warmed embryos derived from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) with vitrified-warmed oocytes and frozen-thawed sperm. A female patient and her husband with severe oligoasthenspermia are reported. At the day of oocyte collection, very few inactive sperms were found in her husband semen. Multiple site open testicular biopsy was performed on her husband, but no sperm was retrieved. The patient did not become pregnant after transferring two embryos coming from half of oocytes and inactive sperms. The patient got pregnant and delivered two healthy babies after receiving a transfer of vitrified-warmed embryos from vitrified-warmed oocytes and frozen-thawed sperm.<hr/>La criopreservación de oocitos humanos ha progresado mucho desde que el primer embarazo exitoso desde un oocito congelado fue informado. Nosotros informamos el parto de dos bebés sanos después de transferir embriones vitrificados y recalentados y espermios descongelados. Se trata de una mujer y su marido con una oligoastenoespermia severa. En el día de la recolección de oocitos, se encontraron muy pocos espermios inactivos en el semen del marido. Se tomaron biopsias testiculares pero se encontraron muy pocos espermios inactivos. La mujer logró quedar embarazada y dio luz a dos bebés sanos después de recibir una trasferencia de embriones vitrificados y recalentados, y de espermios descongelados. <![CDATA[<strong>Cólico biliar inducido por morfina</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300018&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Morphine produces contraction of Oddi’s sphincter, which can be severe and of longer duration in some pathological conditions. This exaggerated response can manifest as a colicky biliary pain, frequently accompanied by a dramatic increase in hepatic enzymes. We report a 32 years old female who consulted in the emergency room for severe low abdominal pain of gynecologic origin, which was completely controlled by morphine. However, she presented a sudden epigastric colicky pain irradiating in the back, which persisted for several hours in spite of the repeated administration of analgesics. Transaminases elevated from previously normal value to over 1,000 U/L, and returned to the normal level without further treatment after several days. Magnetic resonance cholangiography showed normal fine bile duct, without stones. This transient increase in hepatic enzymes was considered as a consequence of high biliary pressure secondary to morphine-induced spastic contraction of Oddi’s sphincter and a consecutive hepatocellular necrosis. <![CDATA[<strong>¿Qué nos puede decir de los médicos el Registro de Prestadores individuales?</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300019&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Morphine produces contraction of Oddi’s sphincter, which can be severe and of longer duration in some pathological conditions. This exaggerated response can manifest as a colicky biliary pain, frequently accompanied by a dramatic increase in hepatic enzymes. We report a 32 years old female who consulted in the emergency room for severe low abdominal pain of gynecologic origin, which was completely controlled by morphine. However, she presented a sudden epigastric colicky pain irradiating in the back, which persisted for several hours in spite of the repeated administration of analgesics. Transaminases elevated from previously normal value to over 1,000 U/L, and returned to the normal level without further treatment after several days. Magnetic resonance cholangiography showed normal fine bile duct, without stones. This transient increase in hepatic enzymes was considered as a consequence of high biliary pressure secondary to morphine-induced spastic contraction of Oddi’s sphincter and a consecutive hepatocellular necrosis. <![CDATA[<strong>Q de Cohen</strong>: <strong>Comparación de Correlaciones entre Muestras Independientes en base a Urzúa et al</strong>]]> http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017000300020&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Morphine produces contraction of Oddi’s sphincter, which can be severe and of longer duration in some pathological conditions. This exaggerated response can manifest as a colicky biliary pain, frequently accompanied by a dramatic increase in hepatic enzymes. We report a 32 years old female who consulted in the emergency room for severe low abdominal pain of gynecologic origin, which was completely controlled by morphine. However, she presented a sudden epigastric colicky pain irradiating in the back, which persisted for several hours in spite of the repeated administration of analgesics. Transaminases elevated from previously normal value to over 1,000 U/L, and returned to the normal level without further treatment after several days. Magnetic resonance cholangiography showed normal fine bile duct, without stones. This transient increase in hepatic enzymes was considered as a consequence of high biliary pressure secondary to morphine-induced spastic contraction of Oddi’s sphincter and a consecutive hepatocellular necrosis.