ISSN 0718-0012 online version
ISSN 0717-2877 print version

INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

Scope and policy

Ius et Praxis is a legal journal which  prints original and previously unpublished works on diverse disciplinary areas of law and jurisprudence. Disciplines are generally classified as follows: Civil Law, Commercial Law, Tax Law, Political Law, Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, Environmental - Mining and Water Law, International Law, Labour and Social Security Law, Criminal Law and Criminology, Procedural Law and Jurisprudence. 

Its editions are of a miscellaneous nature, although monographic editions may be published when deemed proper.

It is a bi-annual academic publication issued by the Faculty of Judicial and Social Sciences of the University of Talca since 1992.

The Journal is made up of four sections: (I) Research articles, (II) Essays, (III) Notes and (IV) Book reviews.

It is a peer-reviewed journal which uses the double blind review system.

Journal maintains an open access policy to all of its contents through the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license. Views or opinions expressed by individual authors in their articles do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Journal’s publishers.

Form and preparation of manuscripts

INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

1. SUBMISSION OF WORKS

Contributors to the Journal must submit their works as per the following strict instructions:

Submission Dates: Articles can be sent at any time during the year.

How to submit works: All contributions can be sent in one of the two following ways:

a) Authors can submit their work directly to the electronic platform www.revistaiepraxis.cl following the instructions given by the Open Journal System (OJS).

b) Alternatively, authors can attach the contribution in an e-mail sent to the Journal (revista-praxis@utalca.cl) with the subject heading ‘Presenta manuscrito a la Revista Ius et Praxis’.

In both cases, besides the publication request, contributors must state the names of the author(s) and the section of the Journal their work is intended for. Should articles on doctrine be submitted, the disciplinary area must be indicated. It must also be mentioned whether the work has been submitted to other publishing houses as part of a larger work.

When submitting a piece of work, the author commits to:

  • Not sending the same work to other periodicals for their consideration, either    simultaneously or thereafter.
  • Knowing and respecting the publishing norms and policies of Ius et Praxis.
  • Transferring to Ius et Praxis the rights of reproduction once the document has been admitted. The author will maintain full ownership of his/her work and must answer to the Journal regarding any infraction of intellectual or industrial property law.Knowing and accepting the conditions established in the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

2. GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PRESENTATION OF ARTICLES

Layout: Contributions must be written in Spanish, in A4 size pages with margins of 3 cm The lines should be single-spaced, without a space between paragraphs and without an indentation in the first line. The text should be justified and written in Times New Roman 12 for main content and 10 for footnotes.

It is recommended that italics are used for: the titles of works and journals; the titles of sources; the transcription of source texts (for example, articles of a code or law, or paragraphs of a sentence); words in another language; and to highlight a word or phrase of the work and its citations.

The body of works will be divided into numbered sections using Arabic numbers. The headings will be justified and separated from the body of the text. The latter will be divided again into paragraphs ordered by Arabic numbers, followed by a dot (1.). Titles must be justified to the left, in black.

Affiliation of authors: Works must contain full information regarding the affiliation of all authors, and should include the institution they are linked to, as well as the city, country and contact e-mail. Should an author be affiliated to more than one institution, only the main one should be indicated.

In order to make the academic peer review process easier, collaborators must mention in a first page separable from the main text the name of the author as well as all other information which may reveal his/her identity.

Referencing: Reference information must be incorporated as an abbreviated footnote and the complete reference must be indicated at the end of the work. This must be done strictly following the structure indicated in the section entitled ‘Referencing Norms‘.

2.1. On Research Articles:

Scientific nature:  Only original and previously unpublished articles related to a study or investigation of interest to the judicial world, which is finished or whose status enables the communication of their results, will be accepted.

Length: Works must not exceed a total of 40 A4 size pages, including footnotes, references and appendices. 

Title, abstract and key words in two languages: The first page of the text will include the title in Spanish as well as in English. Then two abstracts will be included, one in Spanish and one in English, each having a maximum length of 300 words, with three key words or general descriptors of the matter, aimed at making the search and retrieval in electronic databases (in both languages) easier.

2.2. On Essays:

Essays must be critical commentaries or documents whose length must not exceed 25 A4 size pages, including footnotes and appendices.

The first page of the text will include the title in Spanish as well as in English.

2.3. On Comments in the Case Notes Section:

Contributions presented to be published in the Case Notes section must be composed of comments regarding current sentences or cases whose analysis is of relevance for the disciplinary area they deal with. Comments must not exceed 15 A4 size pages, including footnotes and appendices.

The first page of the text will include the title in Spanish as well as in English.

2.4. On Book Reviews:

Books reviews must be articles or commentaries which briefly expose the content of a book while, at the same time, providing a critical assessment of it. Their length must not exceed 10 A4 size pages, including footnotes and appendices.

3. ON THE PROCEDURE FOR THE ACCEPTANCE OF WORKS

3.1. On Research Articles:

Originality requirement: Only original and unpublished works will be accepted.

Preliminary examination: Once contributions have been received, the Journal’s Editorial Board will carry out a preliminary examination in order to verify that the subject of the work matches the judicial discipline it is intended for, and to express a first opinion on the compliance with formal requirements, as well as an opinion on originality, relevance and quality. Should there be no observations in this regard, the application process will be continued.

The Editor-in-Chief has the right to reject a contribution if it does not correspond to a scientific field about which the Journal publishes content, or if its underlying quality is clearly and indisputably inferior. Should the contribution not comply with formal requirements, it may be sent back to the author so that the proper corrections are made. 

Double blind review: This Journal uses the double blind review system. Submitted articles will be reviewed by, at least, two national or foreign academic pairs, outside of this Journal’s editorial institution and the Editorial Committee. For the designation of arbiters, preference will be given to academics holding a doctorate or a master’s degree in their respective fields. Due to the strictness of the double blind review process, the anonymity of the author and that of the academic pairs will be maintained throughout the assessment process. The assessment will be made based on an arbitration guideline in order to determine compliance with the standards of originality, quality, relevance, coherence and premise of the works, among others. The list of arbiters is published once a year.

On observing that a work submitted for consideration is not original or presents problems of plagiarism or copyright, evaluators must immediately inform the Journal’s Editorial Board.
The pair of reviewers must abstain from the assessment process in the event that they recognize the identity of the author.

Should reports suggest minor modifications be made to the text; the author will be asked to incorporate them. Should there be disagreement among reviewers, the work will be submitted to a third party for assessment. According to the result of arbitration, the Editorial Board reserves the right to accept or reject the publication of submitted works, as well as the right to suggest changes of form to the author which do not imply altering the essence of the work.

Correction requests: Requesting the authors to make corrections to their work at any stage of the assessment process does not imply, by any means, commitment to publication by Ius et Praxis, since that commitment shall only be confirmed by sending an official acceptance letter.

3.2. Special norms

3.2.1. On Essays and Comments of the Case Notes Section:

If the Editor-in-Chief considers the work to be admissible, he/she will convey this to the Editorial Committee, which, if necessary, will submit the manuscript to the evaluation of a pair of review, which will then execute a final examination based on an assessment guideline that will consider the relevance and coherence of the analysis, among other aspects. The Editorial Committee will make the final decision on the publication or rejection of a submitted work. If the assessment suggests minor modifications, the author will be asked to introduce them. Once the submitted work has been reviewed and, where applicable, the corrections mad, the work will be accepted for publication.

3.2.2. On Book Reviews:

If the Editor-in-Chief considers the work to be admissible, he/she will convey this to the Editorial Committee, which will carry out a final examination. If the assessment suggests minor modifications, the author will be asked to introduce them. Should admission be confirmed, the work will be accepted for publication.

4. ON PUBLICATION OF WORKS

Once a work has been approved, it will be published shortly thereafter. The Ius et Praxis Journal reserves the right to decide the volume and specific number in which the work will be published, according to the Journal’s availability.

Authors will have the right to one copy of the Journal and to a certain amount of offprints to be determined by the Editorial Board.

5. REFERENCING NORMS

Ius et Praxis follows the standards determined by the NCH1143.OF1999 = ISO 690:1987 norms bibliographical referencing which have been declared official Chilean norms by Resolution Nº 75 of 1999 by the Chilean Ministry of Economy,  which was published in the Chilean Official Gazette on 24th February, 1999; and  norm NCH1143/2.OF2003, the ratification of norm ISO 690-2 which was declared an official Chilean norm by Resolution Nº 92 of 2003 by the Ministry of Economy, and was published in the Chilean Official Gazette on 13th March, 2003.

5.1. References in footnotes

Notes and citations must be put in footnotes using Times New Roman font size 10, in justified text, numbered by Arabic characters in superscript format.

In order to maintain clarity for the reader, no abbreviations, such as,  cfr.’, ‘vid.’, ‘oo.’, ‘cit.’, ‘op. cit.’, ‘ídem’, ‘dir.’ may be used. To refer to a full text, all pages containing the cited work must be enumerated (do not use ‘passim’ or any another abbreviation). When the pages of the cited work are indicated in the list of references, the abbreviations ‘p.’ and ‘pp.’ must be used, meaning page and pages respectively.

It is suggested that contributors not abuse of auto-referencing, and conduct a thorough review of the national bibliography.

Notes and citations should be presented as follows:

a) Abbreviated references of works

In abbreviated references of books, journal articles, chapters and electronic formats, only the author’s surname (in capital letters), the year of publication (in brackets) and the precise number(s) of pages in which the citations are to be found should be indicated in the footnote.

Readers will be able to check the complete data of reference in the ‘cited works’ section at the end of the work.

It is recommended not to cite works which have not been directly referenced by the author, either critically or following their approaches.

Examples:

  • Works by one author: LLANOS (1977), p. 134.
  • Works by two authors (the Spanish conjunction ‘y’ should be placed between the authors’ surnames): FRASER Y HONETH (2006), p. 20.
  • If a work has three, four or more authors, all authors shall be cited in the final list of references. In the footnotes only the surname of the first author is to be mentioned, followed by et al. (from the Latin expression ‘et alii’: and others), year of publication and cited page: ESPINOSA-SALDAÑA et al. (2005), p. 31.
  • Should two or more works by different authors be cited in the same reference, the authors’ surnames and the respective years of publication of their works are to be indicated, separated by a semicolon within the same bracket. Example:  Many authors (GARCÍA (2007), P. 84; NOGUEIRA (2007), P. 145; CEA (2006), p. 135) have concluded that…

Should two or more works by the same author, published in the same year, be cited, they are to be distinguished from one another by using lowercase letters a), b), c), etc. followed by the year and within the brackets.

b) Abbreviated references of legal norms

For each case, the number of the law as well as its year must be indicated. Readers will be able to verify the full details of the indicated law in the list of ‘cited legal norms’ at the end of the work.

Example: Law N° 18.525, of 1986.

c) Abbreviated references of Case Notes

The citation of sentences in footnotes must indicate the name of the court, its identification number and date of the sentence.
Readers will be able to verify the full details of the reference in the ‘case note citations’ section at the end of the work.

Example: Supreme Court, Identification number Nº 204-08, of 30th July, 2009.

5.2. Full references at the end of the work

5.2.1. Cited works

All references to books, journal articles, chapters of collective works and electronic sources must be included at the end of the respective article under the title ‘CITED WORKS’ (Times New Roman, 10), classified if necessary.

This list will be limited to the literature referenced in the work and will be ordered alphabetically by its first element, namely the author’s surname (in capital letters) followed by the year of publication in brackets. Should two or more works by the same author, published in the same year, be cited, they are to be distinguished from one another using lowercase letters a), b), c), etc., followed by the year and inside brackets. The author’s  surname(s) will be written in capital letters; the first name will have the initial letter  capitalised and the rest in lowercase. In this list, references to journal articles and book chapters will indicate the first and last pages of the cited content.

a) Book references

Elements: AUTHOR(S), either an institution or a person/ (year of publication): Title of the publication, edition number (unless it is the first edition) (Place of publication, Publishing House), number of volume or tome.

Example: LLANOS MANSILLA, Hugo (1977): Teoría y práctica del Derecho Internacional Público (Santiago, Editorial Jurídica de Chile).

NOGUEIRA ALCALÁ, Humberto (2009): Derechos Fundamentales y garantías constitucionales (Santiago, Editorial Librotecnia), tomo III.

b) Translation references

Elements: AUTHOR(S), either an institution or a person/ year of publication): Title of the publication, edition number (unless it is the first edition) (Traducc.(Transl.) Name of the translator, place of publication, Publishing House), number of volume.

Example: LE TORNEAU, Philippe (2004): La Responsabilidad Civil (Transl. Javier Tamayo Jaramillo, Bogotá, Editorial Legis).

c) Book chapter references

Elements: AUTHOR(S) of the chapter (year of publication): ‘Title of the chapter’, in: Editor of the complete work or coordinator of the book, Title of book (place of publication/Publishing House) pages.

Example: CANCADO TRINDADE, Antonio (1993): ‘La interacción entre el derecho internacional y el derecho interno en la protección de los derechos humanos’, en: A.A.V.V., El juez y la defensa de la democracia. Un enfoque a partir de los derechos humanos (San José, Ediciones Instituto Interamericano de Derechos Humanos) pp. 230-250.

d) Journal article references

Elements: AUTHOR(S) of the article (year): ‘Title of the article’, in: Title of the Journal (volume, number), pages.

Example: HERNÁNDEZ, Antonio María (2002): ‘La inconstitucionalidad del corralito financiero y bancario’, en: Revista Ius et Praxis (Año 2, N° 2), pp. 141-164.

e) References to documents in electronic format

Elements: AUTHOR(S) of the document (year): ‘Title of the document’, in: details of the electronic source where the document was found. Available at: link to the website [date of visit].

Example: CARNEVALI, Raúl (2006): ‘Criterios para la punición de la tentativa en el delito de hurto a establecimientos de autoservicio. Consideraciones político criminales relativas a la pequeña delincuencia patrimonial’, en: Política Criminal (Nº1, Año 2). Disponible en: http://www.politicacriminal.cl/n_01/pdf_01/a_2.pdf [visitado el 28/02/2008].

Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (2009): ‘Informe Sobre Desarrollo Humano Superando Barreras: movilidad y desarrollo humano’. Disponible en: http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDR_2009_ES_Complete.pdf [visitado el 16/01/2010].

The source information can generally be obtained from the document itself. The date of visit is essential for online documents.

5.2.2. Cited legal norms

All legal or normative references must be indicated in a list at the end of the work, under the title ‘CITED LEGAL NORMS’ (Times New Roman, 10). This list should only include norms that were cited or referred to in the work.

Elements: Type of norm, number of the norm, official denomination if it has one. Title of the publication in which it officially appears, date of publication indicating day, month and year.

Example: Ley N° 18.525, sobre importación de mercancías al país. Diario Oficial, 30 de junio de 1986.

5.2.3. Cited cases

A list of all case references must be included at the end of the work under the title ‘CITED CASES’ (Times New Roman, 10). This list should only include sentences which were cited or referred to in the work. Sentences will be ordered chronologically. Should there be more than one sentences issued at the same time, they will be ordered alphabetically by the names of the parties involved.

Elements: Names of the parties (year): Court that issued the resolution/ date indicating day, month and year / (type of action and the corresponding procedure) in: Identification of the publication in which the sentence has been published, indication of volume, year, sections and pages.

Example: Tamaya con Atocha (1999): Corte Suprema 6 abril 1999 (acción de nulidad de concesión minera) en: Revista de Derecho y Jurisprudencia, Tomo 96 (1999), II, sección 7ª, pp. 65-73.

In the event that a sentence has been published by two different publications, the author must only cite the one used for the work.

Should cases from other countries be cited, the reference system used by the tribunals and courts issuing the sentence must be used.

Examples: United States: Whalen v. Roe, 429 U.S. 589 (1977).

Spain: STC 3349/2013.

Colombia: Sentencia T–406 de 1992, Corte Constitucional de Colombia, M.P. Ciro Angarita Barón.

Sending of manuscripts

All contributions can be sent in one of the two following ways:

a) Authors can submit their work directly to the electronic platform www.revistaiepraxis.cl following the instructions given by the Open Journal System (OJS).

b) Alternatively, authors can attach the contribution in an e-mail sent to the Journal (revista-praxis@utalca.cl) with the subject heading ‘Presenta manuscrito a la Revista Ius et Praxis’.

In both cases, besides the publication request, contributors must state the names of the author(s) and the section of the Journal their work is intended for. Should articles on doctrine be submitted, the disciplinary area must be indicated. It must also be mentioned whether the work has been submitted to other publishing houses as part of a larger work.

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Universidad de Talca
Facultad de Ciencias Jurídicas y Sociales

Avenida Lircay s/n
Dirección Postal - 2 Norte #685
Talca - Chile
Tel.: (56-71) 2200299
Fax: (56-71) 2200410


revista-praxis@utalca.cl