ISSN 0718-2449 versión en línea
ISSN 0718-0306 versión impresa

INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS

Scope and policy

C&T, Ciencia &Trabajo, means of dissemination of the Scientific and Technological Foundation of the Chilean Safety Association, aims to disseminate knowledge in the areas of Occupational Health, Health and Safety, Industrial Hygiene, Ergonomics, Environmental Health and other related disciplines the world of work and environment.

C&T signs mainly to the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals agreement, prepared by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (New England Journal of Medicine 1997, 336: 309-15, updated November 2003, at: http://www.icmje.org.

Scientific papers published by C&T must be original. The authors must have participated sufficiently in the work to take responsibility for their total content. The quality of author is not given for fundraising, in the collection of data, in the general supervision of the research group, have provided samples or recruited patients; the "Authorship by courtesy" will not be accept either. A corporative author can be quoted in the multicenter essays. All the team members cited as authors, can be indicated on the title or in a footnote on page, which must meet all the criteria above, those who do not comply will be included, with their permission, in the acknowledgements section.

The articles on human and animal experimentation should be accompanied by a digital copy of the approval of the Ethics Committee of the institution where the study was conducted according to the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975. The article should not include information identifying the subjects of study.

Articles revision: The evaluation of the items will be through evaluating peers through the method called "Double-blind". This means that names and affiliations of the authors of the articles are omitted and that jobs are evaluated according to a guideline that is sent to the evaluators.

The responsibility of the concepts published in Science & Job is exclusive to the authors, not compromising in any way the opinion of the Scientific and Technological Foundation ACHS and Ciencia & Trabajo.

All texts published are protected by copyright, pursuant to Law No. 17.336 of the Republic of Chile. Subsequent publication is authorized or total or partial reproduction of articles in print or electronically, provided that acknowledgment to Work Science & primary source of publication. The authors of scientific papers must state in writing that there are no conflicts of interest of any kind that may jeopardize the validity of the statement.

Requests for use or reproduction for commercial purposes should contact the Editor of the magazine. Likewise, any unauthorized reproduction, in any medium, must quote in full the article and the journal. Reproduction means when cloning in digital or physical medium, more than three times the same item by the same party. It is also understood as reproduction when including data published by Ciencia &trabajp in a second publication.

Form and preparation of manuscripts

FORMAT OF RESEARCH ARTICLES

Homepage

Article title, which should be concise, avoid using abbreviations and give an accurate idea of its contents. If the subject has been presented at a conference, indicate citing the city and state exposure date.

Authors' full name, profession, academic degree (if it is the case) and institutional affiliation, including city and country.

Department and Institution where research was conducted, if applicable.

Source of funding, if any. Declare any conflicts of interest.

Mailing address, e-mail, phone and fax of the author responsible for correspondence about this document.

Page two

Summary in original language with a maximum of 200 words. It should include objectives, methods, results, key findings and should be written in an impersonal style.

At the end of the abstract should include three to five descriptors (keywords) extracted from the list of Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS, in its Spanish abbreviation) www.bireme.br).

Page three and next pages in the following order.

The format of the text depends on the type of article.

Scientific papers are the product of an observation, clinical research or experimentation that consists of the following sections: a) Introduction which presents the reasons for the study and its objectives, b) Materials and Methods in which the used elements and procedures are described in such way that the results can be replicated by other researchers, it must include an adequate description of the statistical analysis, c) Results in which the study's findings are presented, d) Discussion that highlights the new and important aspects of the study, conclusions, implications and limitations of the results. The maximum extent of this type of article should not exceed 36,000 characters (including spaces).

Reviewed articles are product of critical analysis of recent literature on a particular topic. This type of article includes the author's point of views on the subject. Normally this type of document is commissioned by C&T to subjects experts according to the editorial planning. The maximum length of these items must not exceed 60,000 characters (including spaces).

The Communication of cases, which describes situations of medical interest infrequently seen (clinical cases) or special situations encountered in daily practice of other occupational health professionals (investigation of an accident that occurs for the first time, for example ). This type of article should contain two sections: the first one describes the case and the second discusses the findings and make appropriate recommendations. The maximum extent of this type of article should not exceed 20,000 characters (including spaces).

The Articles of Education are those that contribute to the integral of Occupational Health professionals. Generally they are requested by the Editorial Committee of C&T. The maximum length of them is 60,000 characters (including spaces).

The Opinion articles are personal communications supported by the scientific method and references that support the opinions. The maximum length of these items is 20,000 characters (including spaces).

At the end of the text may include an acknowledgments section and the References below. It is the full responsibility of the authors the information provided in this area, who should always check their list to confirm that it is complete, with all its elements and symbology, members in order and verify their inclusion in the text. Otherwise, the material can be returned for correction. References should be presented and included in the text according to the following guidance based on ISO 690:1987 for print and 690-2 for electronic: all references must include the following elements and punctuation given:

Father's last name of the author / editor as well as the initials of the name (up to six authors, separated by commas, if more than six add "et al" after the sixth) or corporate author, if applicable.

Year of publication, separated by point of the previous topic.

Full title of the article, book or chapter, if applicable, separated by point of the previous element.

Short title of the journal, according to Biosis List or Index Medicus (see: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=journals) or Proceedings book, if the case, by point of the previous element.

City / state / country of publication and publisher, separating by two points these elements and by point of previous element.

volume and page numbers of the initial and final by two points separating these elements and previous item point.

Availability on the Internet, if it is known, separated by point of previous element.

Arrange the references alphabetically by letter by letter system, in descending order, starting with the first element that form the quote, if repeated, let alone in the first reference and subsequent replacement by three dashes (–). The second suborder of arrangement corresponds to the year of publication, in case of having references by the same author, if they were all equally by the same author and the same year, add: a, b, c, d, etc., in order to differentiate.

Each reference must be inserted in the text indicating the author's name and year of publication of document in brackets, Eg: an author (Vega 2003), two authors (Vega and Martinez 2003), three or more authors, the first author and add text "et al" (Vega et al. 2003), different authors but with the same last name, first name initial add (Vega J 2000; Vega M 2003) (for more information see: http://www.collectionscanada.ca/iso/tc46sc9/standard/690-1e.htm#6.6 y  http://www.collectionscanada.ca/iso/tc46sc9/standard/690-2e.htm#5.2).

Examples:

Journal article:

Vega MC, Pino J, González B. 2002. First reported case of Alternaría alternata in fungal keratitis. Bol Chil Segur Sci Assoc. December 5, (10): 27-30.

Monograph 2 authors:

González J, Tapia C. 2001. Accident Hospital Center. 2nd ed. Mexico: McGraw-Hill.

Book chapter:

Gutierrez SJ. 1999. Lighting and color. In: Cordova JH, editor. Industrial Safety: Analysis, diagnosis and management. 2nd ed. Madrid: Raven Press, p.465-78.

Conference:

Kimura J, Shibasaki H, editors. 1996. Recent advances in clinical neu-rophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology, 15 to 19 October 1995, 13/8/2015. Titulo abreviado da revista - Instructions to authors Kyoto, Japan. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Journal in electronic form:

Morse SS. 1995 Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] Jan-Mar [cited 1996 June 5], 1 (1): [24 screens]. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/eid.htm Monograph in electronic format: CDI, clinical dermatology illustrated 1995 [monograph on CD-ROM]. Reeves JRT, Maibach H. CMEA Multimedia Group, producers. 2nd ed. Version 2.0. San Diego: CMEA.

Computer program:

Hemodynamics III: the ups and downs of hemodyna-mics. 1993. [Computer program]. Version 2.2. Orlando (FL): Computerized Educational Systems.

Additional Pages

Tables should have a correlative Arabic numeration with a brief descriptive title, in order of appearance. Each column must have a short and abbreviated header which may include symbols for units. At the foot of the table it might be indicated the meaning of each abbreviation and symbols of the statistical method used. Tables must be sent in original format, for example, if it is made in Microsoft Excel, you must send the file that created the table. In the text of the article, the author must indicate where to insert the table suggests.

Figures and graphics should be designed in formats compatible with Microsoft Excel or PowerPoint. Each figure or chart must be identified with correlative Arabic numbers. The legends should be easy to understand, without the necessity of reading the text. Figures and graphics should be sent in the original format as reported for tables. In the text of the article, the author must indicate where he suggests to insert the figures or graphics. Illustrations and photographs should be submitted in electronic format of high resolution JPEG. If necessary, these files must be sent separately.

Sending of manuscripts

Articless must be sent in electronic format (Microsoft Word for PC, or compatible) in Spanish, Portuguese or English. The format should be simple for easy editing

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