INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS
Form and preparation of manuscripts
1. Presentation of articles
Manuscripts submitted to Acta Bioethica should be prepared in accordance with the fifth edition (1997) of the Uniform Requirements Submitted to Biomedical Journals (Vancouver Style).
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Annals of Internal Medicine 1997; 126:36-47
2. Summary of technical requirements
Papers should be printed out on a A4 paper, on one side only, in double spacing, with a margin of at least 2.5 cm on four sides of page.
Number pages consecutively, beginning with the title page. Put the page number in the upper or lower right-hand corner of each page.
Articles’ length should not exceed 6.000 words, including tables and illustrations.
Keep copies of everything submitted.
3. Structural scheme
3.1 Title page
3.2 Abstracts and key words
The second page should carry an abstract not exceeding 200 words in length to state the purposes of the study or investigation, basic procedures, main findings and the principal conclusions.
Below the abstract authors should provide, and identify as such, 3 to 10 key words or short phrases that will assist indexers in cross-indexing the article. Terms from the medical subject headings (MeSH) list of Index Medicus should be used; if suitable MeSH terms are not yet available for recently introduced terms, present terms may be used. (URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/meshhome.html).
State the purpose of the article and summarize the rationale of the study or observation. Give only strict pertinent references and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported.
Provide detailed information about methods, techniques and procedures used for collecting and organizing data.
Present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations. Do not repeat in the text all data in the tables or illustrations; emphasize or summarize only important observations.
Emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section. Include in the Discussion section the implications of the findings and their limitations.
Link the conclusions with the goals of the study but avoid unqualified statements and conclusions not completely supported by the data. Recommendations, when appropriate, may be included.
As an appendix to the text, one or more statements should specify (a) contributions that need acknowledging but do not justify authorship, such as general support by a departmental chair; (b) acknowledgements of technical help; (c) acknowledgements of financial and material support, and (d) relationships that may pose a conflict of interest.
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. If a reference is cited more than once, its original number is used again in subsequent citations. No reference should be assigned more than one number.
If it is deemed necessary to call attention to a specific page within a reference, the page number may be added in roman type inside the parenthesis with the reference number. This practice is recommended when referencing direct quotations.
The resolution urged the Member Governments to “make special voluntary contributions for the carrying out of catalytic research” (17, p.240).
Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in parenthesis. References cited only in tables or legends to figures should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure.
All references should be listed in numerical order at the end of the text.
References to papers accepted but not yet published should be designated as “in press” or “forthcoming”; authors should obtain written permission to cite such papers as well as verification that they have been accepted for publication.
The references must be verified by the author (s) against the original documents
Use the style of the examples below, which are based on the formats used by the U.S National Library of Medicine (NLM) in Index Medicus. The titles of journals should be presented without abbreviations (consult: U.S. National Library of Medicine. List of journals indexed. Full title listing. Index Medicus 1998: 111-190.; URL: http://www.nlm.nih.gov).
The “Uniform Requirements” style (the Vancouver Style) is based largely on an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard style adapted by the NLM for its data bases.
Sample Reference Formats
Individual author, article in a Series
Lessa I. Epidemiologia dos acidentes vasculares encefálicos na cidade do Salvador: II, Fatores de risco, complicaçoes e causas de morte. Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia 1985;44(4):255-260.
More than six authors
List the first six authors followed by “et al”. Parkin DM, Clayton D, Black RJ, Masuyer E, Friedl HP, Ivanov E, et al. Childhood leukaemia in Europe after Chernobyl: 5 year follow-up. British Journal of Cancer 1996; 73: 1006-12.
Pan American Health Organization, Expanded Program on Immunization. Strategies for the certification of the eradication of wild poliovirus transmission in the Americas. Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization 1993;27(3):287-296.
3.8.2 Books and other monographs
Ringsven MK, Bond D. Gerontology and leadership skills for nurses. 2nd. ed. Albany(NY): Delmar Publishers; 1996.
Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Chapter in a book
Phillips SJ, Whistnant JP. Hypertension and stroke. In: Laragh JH, Brenner BM, eds. Hypertension: pathophysiology, diagnosis and manangement. 2nd. ed. New York: Raven Press; 1995. p. 465-78.
3.8.3 Electronic Material
Journal article in electronic format
Further explanation and examples may be consulted
3.9 Tables and Illustrations
The number of tables and illustrations should be strictly limited, only those that are essential to the understanding of the text being included.
NOTE: The above-mentioned guidelines were prepared by the Publications and Dissemination Department of PAHO/WHO Regional Program on Bioethics taken as reference the following bibliographic sources:
Requirements for Manuscripts
(From “Instructions to Authors”)
This form should be checked up by the responsible author, stating approval by ticking corresponding boxes and should be submitted together with the manuscript.
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