Electronic Journal of Biotechnology ISSN: 0717-3458
  © 2006 by Universidad Católica de Valparaíso -- Chile
Vol. 9 No. 4, Issue of July 15, 2006
 

Table 1. Types of DNA modification methods and the acceptability to be used in food production.

Modification of DNA

Directed genetic alteration

Un-controlled genetic alteration

Acceptance of contained use,

90/219/EC

Acceptance of deliberate release, 2001/18/EC

Spontaneous mutations

-

+

+ non-GMO

+ non-GMO

Induced mutations

-

+

+ non-GMO

+ non-GMO

Mutations via insertion elements

-

+

+ non-GMO

+ non-GMO

Conjugation

+

-

+ non-GMO

+ non-GMO

Transduction

+

-

+ non-GMO

+ non-GMO

Self-cloning

+

-

+ non-GMO

- GMO

Non-self-cloning

+

-

- GMO

- GMO

 

Supported by UNESCO / MIRCEN network